Schedule for Environmental Ethics, Hettinger, Spring 2010


1.          Jan 12: Class introduction, distribution of syllabus and schedule of assignments

2.          Jan 14: Jamieson, pp. 1-25 (Ch 1 “Environment as an ethical question”)

Are Humans Natural?

3.          Jan 19: Paul Veach Moriarty, “Nature Naturalized: A Darwinian Defense of the Nature/Culture Distinction” E-reserves

Wise Use, Anthropocentrism, and an Economic Approach to Environment

4.          Jan 21: Two readings

             a.          Ron Arnold, "Wise use: What Do We Believe?” E-reserves (For Arnold’s Center for Defense of Free Enterprise, see )

             b.          William Baxter, “The Case for Optimal Pollution,” on class webpage

Environmental Justice

5.          Jan 26: Peter Wenz, “Just Garbage,” on class webpage

Property and Environment

6.          Jan 28: Oral Presentations (1) on Owning Nature, Property Rights, and Takings

             a.          “Who Owns the Moon?” on class webpage

             b.          Gary Spencer, “Public’s Right of Way on Rivers Expanded” and “Who Owns the Waterways?” both on E-reserves

             c.          Docks: “Groups push rules for shorter, fewer docks ” and “Persuasive case to limit docks” both on class webpage

             d.          Tragedy of the commons” and “Whales for Sale” both on class webpage

             e.          Colette Baxley, "Law is costing landowners" and “Woodpecker clouds state forest’s future,” and “Biologists to move endangered birds” all (in one pdf file) on E-reserves

             f.          Jimmy Chandler, “The Lucas Case: Supreme Court Decisions” (from Congaree Chronicle), E-reserves

             g.          “‘Takings’ and Property Rights” and “Property Rights and ‘Takings’ Legislation” both on class webpage

Environmental Ethics and Animals (Sentiocentrism)

7.          Feb 2: Video: “The Witness” (43 minutes)

8.          Feb 4: Jamieson, pp. 102-112 (on “Speciesism” from Ch 5, “Humans and other animals”).

9.          Feb 9: Oral Presentations (2) on Human Uses of Animals

             a.          Joby Warrick, “'They Die Piece by Piece'; In Overtaxed Plants, Humane Treatment of Cattle Is Often a Battle Lost,” and Andrew Martin, “Largest Recall of Ground Beef is Ordered” both on E-reserves

             b.          Selections from Pew Commission report on “Industrial Farm Animal Welfare” E-reserves (full report available at with link on class web page)

             c.          Alexei Barrionuevo, “Pork Producer Says it Plans to Give Pigs More Room” E-reserves, Andrew Martin “Burger King Shifts Policy on Animals” E-reserves, “California voters pass initiative to modernize food animal production” on class webpage, and “New organic rules guarantee pasture for grazers” on class webpage

             d.          Sierra, "Can You Eat Meat and Consider Yourself an Environmentalist?" E-reserves (for oral presenter, I recommend reading ahead – Jamieson 121-125)

             e.          Animal Experimentation: “Animal Research -- LD50" and “Head-Injury Research Using Monkeys” both on class webpage

             f.          Hunting: Douglas Chadwick, “The American Hunting Myth” Orion Nature Quarterly E-reserves

             g.          Zoos: Marc Bekoff, “Thick skins, tender hearts and broken spirits” and Susan Freinkel, “Why I Still Believe in the Zoo” both on class webpage

10.        Feb 11: Two readings

             a.          Peter Singer, “All Animals are Equal” on class webpage

             b.          Jamieson, pp. 112-116 (on “Singer’s animal liberation” from Ch. 5, “Humans and other animals”)

11.        Feb 16: Three readings

             a.          Tom Regan, “The Case for Animal Rights” on class webpage

             b.          Jamieson, pp. 116-120 (on “Regan’s rights theory” from Ch. 5, “Humans and other animals”)

             c.          Jamieson pp. 120-131 (on “Using animals” and “Killing versus causing pain” from Ch. 5, “Humans and other animals”)

12.        Feb 18: Three readings

             a.          Michael Pollan, “An Animal’s Place” on class webpage

             b.          Jamieson, pp. 131-144 (on “The conscientious omnivore, vegetarians and vegans, and animals and other values” from Ch. 5, “Humans and other animals”)

             c.          "’Naturally raised’ and ‘natural’ standards for meat will create confusion” on class webpage

             d.          Video: Food, Inc.

13.        Feb 23: Carl Cohen, “The Case for the Use of Animals in Biomedical Research” on class webpage

14.        Feb 25: Mark Sagoff, “Animal Liberation and Environmental Ethics: Bad Marriage, Quick Divorce,” on class webpage

15.        Mar 2: Midterm Exam


16.        Mar 4: Paul Taylor, “The Ethics of Respect for Nature” E-reserves

Spring Break

17.        Mar 16: Two readings

             a.          Paul Taylor, “Priority Principles,” E-reserves

             b.          Jamieson, pp. 145-149 (on “Biocentrism” from Ch. 6, “The value of nature”)


18.        Mar 18: Oral Presentations (3) on Ecocentric Holism vs. Individualism

             a.          Roger Caras, “There are Two Ways of Looking at it” E-reserves

             b.          “Species and Individuals” and “Harming Plentiful Species to Protect Endangered Species” both on class webpage

             c.           Bruce Barcott, “Kill the Cat That Kills the Bird?” E-reserves (Full article link on class webpage)

             d.          “Breeding Endangered Species” and “Sand Diego Zoo on California Condors” both on class webpage

             e.          “Restoring Yellowstone Wolves” and Brad Knickerbocker, “Delisting of Wolves Raises Hackles,” both on e reserves

             f.          AP, “States Seek Ok to Kill Sea Lions” E-reserves

             g.          Jamieson, pp. 172-175 (on “Feral goats versus endemic plants” from Ch. 6, “The value of nature”)

**Paper Proposal Due, Friday, March 19, 1pm, 14 Glebe inside mailbox (or by email)


19.        Mar 23: Four readings

             a.          Aldo Leopold, “Preface to Sand County Almanac” on class webpage

             b.          Aldo Leopold “The Land Ethic” on class webpage            

             c.          Jamieson, pp. 149-153 (on “Ecocentrism” from Ch. 6, “The value of nature”)

             d.          “Sued by the forest: Should nature be able to take you to court?” on class webpage

Valuing Nature

20.        Mar 25: Two readings

             a.          Jamieson, pp. 68-75 ( on “Intrinsic value from Ch 3, “Meta-ethics”)

             b.          Jamieson, pp. 153-162 (on “Valuing reconsidered,” “The plurality of values,” and “Aesthetic values” from Ch. 6, “The value of nature”)

The Value of the Natural          (J.S. Mill: The use of terms like “natural is “one of the most copious sources of false taste, false philosophy, false morality and even bad law”).

21.        Mar 30: Oral Presentations (4) on the Meaning and Value of the Natural

             a.          “Do what is natural, you say?” on class webpage (reading begins on bottom of second page)

             b.           “Space Billboards Threaten Night Sky,” “Space billboards” both on E-reserves

             c.          Bill McKibben’s “The End of Nature?”(from Holmes Rolston, Conserving Natural Value), “More on McKibben,” and “Climbers clear trash from Everest” (all in one pdf file on) E-reserves

             d.          “Saving a Drowning Buffalo or Letting Nature Take its Course?” E-reserves

             e.          Jamieson, pp., 169-171 (on “Sierra Nevada Bighorn Sheep versus mountain lions” from Ch. 6, “The value of nature”)

             f.          Sierra, "To What Extent Should Humans Manage Nature If At All?” E-reserves

             g.          Holmes Rolston, “Managing The Planet” (from Conserving Natural Value) E-reserves

22.        Apr 1: Two readings

             a.          Jamieson, pp 162-168 (on “Natural values” from Ch. 6, “The value of nature”)

             b.          Jamieson, pp. 175-180 (on “Natives versus exotics,” from Ch. 6, “The value of nature”)


23.        Apr 6: Oral Presentation (5) on Wilderness

             a.          “Yellowstone park to ban electronic wildlife-tracking gear,” “Should travelers in the wild be rescued? Even at public expense?” (both in same pdf file on E-reserves) and Etienne Benson, “Paparazzi in the Woods: Hidden surveillance cameras are making the wilderness less wild” E-reserves

             b.          "Environmentalists in a clash of goals" (wilderness versus green energy) on class webpage

             c.          Tom Kenworthy, “Blazing Utah Trails to Block a Washington Monument” E-reserves

             d.          Timothy Egan, “Searching for Eden; The Definition of Wilderness Is Increasingly Elusive” on class webpage

             e.          Nieves and Wald, “Interior Department Plans to Reduce Traffic in Yosemite” on class webpage

             f.          What Should Be Allowed in National Parks? “Noise in National Parks” and “Gatekeepers in Yellowstone wear gas masks” (all in one pdf file on) E-reserves

             g.          Gabriel Escobar, “Rain Forest Gift Raises Suspicions” E-reserves

24.         Apr 8: William Cronon, “The Trouble with Wilderness; or, Getting Back to the Wrong Nature” on class webpage

**Paper due, Friday, April 9, 1pm, 14 Glebe inside mailbox (not by email)

Climate Change

25.        Apr 13: Videos: “An Inconvenient Truth,” “No Impact Man,” “Everything’s Cool”

             a.          See also William Broad, “From a Rapt Audience, a Call to Cool the Hype” on class webpage

Environmental Action

26.        Apr 15: Oral Presentations (6) on Environmental Action

             a.          Peter Singer “Ends and Means” E-reserves

             b.          “Utah Activist Disrupts Sale of Leases for Drilling” on class webpage

             c.          Adam Parker, “Mepkin to Close Egg Farm” E-reserves

             d.          “James Phillips, 70, Environmentalist who was called the Fox” E-reserves

             e.          Patricia Leigh Brown, “Foie Gras Fracas: Haute Cuisine Meets the Duck Liberators” E-reserves

             f.          Jessica Bell, “On Belay” E-Reserves

             g.          "Would You Ever Break The Law in Support of an Environmental Goal?" Sierra Magazine, E-reserves

Justice and Nature’s Future

27.        Apr 20: Jamieson, pp. 181-196 (on “Travails of the biosphere” and “Questions of justice,” from Ch7, “Nature’s future”)

28.        Apr 22: Jamieson, 196-205, (on “Visions of the future,” from Ch7, “Nature’s future”)

Final Exam


cuts January 8, 2010

Environmental Aesthetics

29.        Dec 4: Holmes Rolston, “Does Aesthetic Appreciation of Landscapes Need to be Science-Based?” Text 164-171. (Rolston’s page:

30.        Nov 25: Ned Hettinger, “Who Owns Nature? Property Rights, Biodiversity, and the Land Ethic” available at: Link on class web page)

How Serious Are Environmental Problems?

31.        Aug 28: Meadows et al., “From Beyond the Limits” Text 80-91

                           “Is There an Environmental Crisis” Text 59-60

                          “Global Warming and Greenhouse Gases” Text 285

                          “Ozone Depletion and Greenhouse Gases” Text 519

                          “Overpopulation or Overconsumption?” Text 435-36

Cuts January 11, 2005

32.        Dec 5: Video: "Earth First! The Politics of Radical Environmentalism"

33.        Nov 14: Video: Thinking Green: Ecofeminism and the Greens

34.        Nov 7: Video: Rolston-Rollins Debate

35.        Oct 1: Oral Presentations (3) on Zoos, Fishing, and Hunting


             a.          “Ethics of Fishing” Text 323, and selections from A. Dionys de Leeuw, “Contemplating the Interests of Fish: The Angler’s Challenge” E-reserves 65-66

             b.          Raymond Chipeniuk, “On Contemplating the Interests of Fish” Env. Ethics and Charles List, “On Angling as an Act of Cruelty” Env. Ethics E-reserves 67-69

             c.          Marc Kaufman, “Cracks in the Egg Industry: Criticism Mounts to End Forced Molting Practice” Washington Post, (4/30/2000: A1) E-reserves 8-10

36.        Sep 24: Oral Presentations (2) on Animal Research, Testing, and Education

             a.          Rick Weiss, “Mice Made Defective to Decode Human Ills,” Washington Post E-reserves 36-39

             b.          Comstock questions on Head Injury Research, E-reserves 40-41

             c.          Barbara Orlans et al., “Head Injury Experiments at Primates at the University of Pennsylvania” E-reserves 42-46

             d.          Barbara Orlans et al., “Dissection of Frogs: The Jenifer Graham Case” E-reserves 47-50

             e.          Barbara Orlans et al., “The Death of a Vagrant Bird” E-reserves 51-54

Video: “Unnecessary Fuss,” “Tools for Research” “New Animal Research,” and/or “Lethal Medicine”: (1997 documentary; 55 min.) –– Examines the issues involved in animal experimentation. The producers argue against the animal research industry on moral, ethical and scientific grounds.

Religion and The Environment

37.        Oct 17: Bible elections from the Books of Genesis and Job, Text 26-32

             Video: “Spirit and Nature,” Bill Moyers documentary on conference at Middlebury

Fall Break

38.        Oct 22: Lynn White, “The Historical Roots of Our Ecological Crisis” Text 46-53

39.        Oct 24: Rosemary Radford Ruether, “The Biblical Vision of the Ecological Crisis” Text 172-176

End Cuts January 11, 2005



             a.          Dropped material

             b.         Aesthetics and Environment

41.        Holmes Rolston, “Does Aesthetic Appreciation of Landscapes Need to be Science-Based?” Text 164-171

             Case: “English Gardens and Prairiegrass Lawns” Text 178

42.        Holmes Rolston, “The Wilderness Idea Reaffirmed” Text 382-391


43.        Debunking of native Americans

             a.          Section from Wenz, Env. Justice, 144-152

             b.          Feinberg?


             c.          Singer, Ends and Means?


44.        Peter Wenz, “Just Garbage” Text 449-457

Discussion cases: “Locating Nuclear Plants, Voluntary Consent and Toxic Waste, and Structural Injustice” Text 473-474

45.        Gary Varner, “Pets, Companion Animals, and Domesticated Partners” E-reserves 30-42

46.        DesJardin, “Extensionism and Anthropocentrism” Text 179-180

             Saint Thomas Aquinas, “Differences between Rational and Other Creatures” Text 33-35

Rene Descartes, “Animals as Automata” Text 35-39

             Immanuel Kant, “Duties to Animals” Text 39-41


47.        Section from Wenz, Env. Justice, 144-152 (go with Everett)

Animal pain/suffering

             a.           Dale on pain in animals?

             b.           Peter Carruthers, "Can Animals Feel Pain in the Morally Relevant Sense? No," Ag Bioethics Forum E-reserves 1-2

             c.          **Dale Jamieson and Mark Bekoff "Carruthers on Nonconscious Experience," Analysis 52 (no. 1, January 1992): 25-28, E-reserves 3-6

             d.                       Colin Allen, “Animal Pain: Science, Philosophy, and Policy” Thursday, January 16th, 3:15-4:45, Arnold Hall, 1st Floor Jewish Studies Center, (Wentworth and Glebe)


48.        Next time in ee?

             a.          Plumwood from a companion to fem philosophy

             b.          Carol Adams?


49.        For SASE INK

             a.          “Factory Farms” Text 215 and “'They Die Piece by Piece'; In Overtaxed Plants, Humane Treatment of Cattle Is Often a Battle Lost” by Joby Warrick (Washington Post, 4/10/01, A01, 3066 words) E-reserves 15-18

             b.          Roger Caras, “There are Two Ways of Looking at it” (Orion Nature Quarterly, 64-65 Autumn 86)

Videos for env. ethics


50.        "Earth First! The Politics of Radical Environmentalism"

51.        Rolston/Rollins debate!

52.        Ecofeminism video

53.        Affluenza

54.        Dale’s zoo tape

55.        Spirit and Nature, one hour Bill Moyers documentary on conference at Middlebury, PBS played on june 5, 1991. (useful but plenty of talking heads.) I have.

             a.          Keeping the Earth: Religious and Scientific Perspectives on the Environment, Video put out by UCS, ordered.

56.        Taking video? Sea Grant Consortium Teleconference on "Environmental Regulations and Private Property Rights,"

             a.          "Who Owns the Beach" on SC beachfront management (I have)

             b.          Taking it too far


58.        ANWR Video, Exxon Valdez video?

59.        The Wilderness and the West [videorecording] / written & presented by Robert Hughes ; a Planet 24 production in association with BBC Television ; a Time Inc.-BBC co-production ; produced in association with Thirteen/WNET. [Alexandria, VA] : PBS Home Video, [1997].An eight part series presenting American history through its visual art, painting, sculpture, architecture and monuments. In this third segment as majestic primal America fosters the idea of landscape as God's fingerprint, landscape painting holds deep religious and patriotic connotations. Soon, the belief in Manifest Destiny is embodied in art. Traveling from Yellowstone to the Hudson Valley, Hughes explores the artists Thomas Cole, John Audubon, Albert Bierstadt, John Gast, Currier & Ives, Emanuel Leutze, George Catlin, Frederick Church, Frederic Remington, Thomas Noran and William Jackson. In their work he finds the conflicting impulses to worship the land and to conquer it, to create a myth of the West just as the frontier is closing. ???London : Croom Helm ; New York : St. Martin's Press, 1983.

60.        Beyond the limits [videorecording] / Dennis Meadows, Jørgen Randers, Donella H. Meadows.

February 1996"--label on cassette. Dennis Meadows, Jørgen Randers and Donella Meadows discuss some of their latest findings about a sustainable future found in their book Beyond the limits : confronting global collapse, envisioning a sustainable future.


61.        Risky Business video and GE

62.        Coyote killing tape

63.        Biodiversity tape that Arch used–Life in the Balance

64.        Carol Adams tape

65.        Video of Carlson?

66.        "Backlash in the Wind" a National Audubon Society special on Wise Use movement. I have.

             a.          This Land That is Ours (Wise use perspective on land use) from Blue Ribbon Coalition, Inc., PO 1427, Idaho Falls ID 83403-1427, 208/522-7339. $19.95.

67.        Rage over Trees: Good fight (logger and women/men blocking road; forests turned to clear cuts, good clear cut pictures; spotted own picts; Discussion between loggers, mill owners and env. over old growth-shows how polarized they are.

68.        Overpopulation video

69.        Pro animal x tape

70.        Lethal Medicine: (1997 documentary; 55 min.) – Examines the issues involved in animal experimentation. The producers argue against the animal research industry on moral, ethical and scientific grounds.

71.        Spanish student tape on ancient forests I had made CE cry

72.        Cathy Evan’s animals tape

73.        Simon debate video?

74.        Bekoff Animal video?


75.        An Evening with John Muir played by Lee Stetson, 60 minutes. $20 from Wild Productions, POB 811, Yosemite, CA 95389. (Rol says excellent intro to Muirs, philosophy, ethics and capacity for sensitive wilderness exp.).


76.        Env. Films/videos: Wild By Law (I have on tape?, Role of Leopold, Marshall, Zahniser in establising Wilderness Act of 64 with Callicott, Nash, Oelschlaeger


77.        Hunting in America video?

78.        The Last Parable, Montana Fish, Wildife and Parks, 1987, 29 minutes Rolston says excellent photography and a narrative to provoke discussion. About myth and hunting and confronting nature in Montana.

79.        Aldo Leopold Video?

80.        Fishing video

81.        About the end of nature and what is natural?

82.        Wilderness video?

83.        Env. Justice video?

84.        Albert Schweitzer video?

85.        Also the Office of Media and Technology has videos on a conference sponsored by the SCCCL on urban planning. I think they are listed under “South Carolina Coastal Conservation League tapes”. 

86.        Rio earth summit. Video in office of media and technology.

87.        **Spirit of Crazy Horse (video in the Office of Media and Technology 2nd floor Education Center).

88.        Zapatista (1998, documentary, 54 min.)The Lacondon Forest in the state of Chiapas is one of the world’’s richest areas in natural resources -- wood, oil, coffee, uranium and hydroelectric power, yet the indigenous people of the region live in poverty and lack access to adequate education. Although the Mexican constitution guarantees these Mayan descendants communal ownership of this land, the government, in contracts with multinational and U.S. corporations, is destroying the rainforest and systematically driving the people off their land. Chiapas is one of the most ecologically diverse regions in the world and home to many species of migrating birds. But due to the destruction of the rainforest, the fragile balance of life there is becoming increasingly unstable. Since the mid-nineties the Mexican Army has been waging low intensity warfare against the nonviolent Zapatista resistance movement and the civilians who support them. Some of their war crimes are in violation of the Geneva Convention. Both of these documentaries highlight the struggle of these indigenous Indian people to preserve the rainforest and their way of life.

89.        The Secret of Life series, The Mouse that Laid the Golden Egg (part 5) on genetically engeneered animals for human benefit (not in omt?). Program 7 is on "Children by Design" in OMT with David Suzuki 55 minutes 1993

90.        Nature & nature [videorecording] / un film de Camille Guichard ; produit par Terra Luna Films, Camille Guichard, Anne Morien et co-produit par Alain Renault Productions. Cicero, Ill. : Roland Collection of Films on Art, c1991.

91.        Ecological Economics video