Paper Assignment, Philosophy 280: Aesthetics (Fall 2014)
Write a 6-8 page paper on a topic of your choice in aesthetics (this includes, the philosophy of art, environmental aesthetics, and the aesthetics of the everyday). Your paper must focus on philosophical dimensions of the topic you choose and it must tie in with the ideas explored in this course in a significant way. (It must be clear that the writer of the paper was in this course.) Within these constraints, you are free to choose any topic. The paper should do two–equally important--things: Clearly explain (and analyze) what (some) others (including philosophers) have said about the topic you choose and develop your own ideas, thoughts, and arguments about this topic. (A third dimension is also important: If an issue we have talked about in class or was discussed in our readings is relevant to your topic, you need to show familiarity and understanding of those issues.) To insure that your discussion is grounded in (some of) the preexisting literature on your topic, you are required to use at least one “outside”(not read in this course) philosophical article in your paper written by a philosopher. The “own ideas” dimension of your paper might include criticizing (or supporting with your own reasons) the ideas of others or comparing or synthesizing them.
A one-page, typewritten description of the proposed paper is due on Friday, Oct 17th, by email to firstname.lastname@example.org The paper proposals should identify the topic of the paper and give a synopsis of its expected content (as much as possible). It should have a proposed title and describe the major arguments, reasons, or perspectives on the issue that the paper will explore. Try to identify and consider possible objections to the line of thinking you plan to pursue. Identify a major thesis and a possible conclusion to the paper. Issues or questions that you would like help with should also be mentioned. Additionally, your paper proposal should identify (with full bibliographic information) and briefly summarize your outside philosophical article and explain how you will use it for your paper.
Journals in the library that are good places to look for supporting philosophical material include The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism (JAAC) and The British Journal of Aesthetics (BJA) (both of which are in the library and available electronically). The BJA is searchable directly here: https://bjaesthetics.oxfordjournals.org/ JAAC can be searched using the library’s electronic online journals page found here: https://www.cofc.edu/library/index.php There are also philosophical articles in The Journal of Aesthetic Education (also in the library and available electronically). It can be searched on line at https://www.jstor.org/journals/00218510.html Contemporary Aesthetics is an online journal that can be searched here: https://www.contempaesthetics.org/newvolume/pages/journal.php
One simple way to find you outside philosophical article would be to choose one of the articles from our text Arguing about Art that we will not be reading.
The paper (hard copy) is due on Friday, Nov 7, 1pm, 14 Glebe in my mailbox next to the secretary’s office.
Possible topic areas: Any of the course topics are appropriate subject matter (but others are okay as well). In addition to the list below, look at the course schedule and the midterm study questions to stimulate your choice of a topic. Don’t ignore topics we will be discussing during the second half of the course. You might also write a paper that consists in an explication and critical analysis of a philosophical article in the area of aesthetics, including those that we have read (though your will have to work harder for originality if you choose one of these).
Some possible aesthetics paper topics you can make your own.
a. Topics from readings in Arguing about Art text
b. Topics raised by questions at the end of each chapter in Davies book.
c. For relevant articles on topics, see “Readings” at the end of each Davies chapter
2. Criteria for evaluating rock versus classical music (further development of the midterm essay question); Or the ontology of rock music; see Davies Ch 4 and https://hettingern.people.cofc.edu/Aesthetics_Spring_2013/Rock_Music_articles.html
3. Is authenticity in musical performance important? See articles in Arguing about Art.
4. Colorization of movies (see defense by James O. Young British Journal of Aesthetics 28 (1988) 368-72 and Yuriko Saito” Contemporary Aesthetic Issue: The Colorization Controversy” Journal of Aesthetics Education 23:2 1989 21-31
5. Restoration of artworks
6. Forgery of art; less valuable? See p. 80 Davies for references and the unit in Arguing about Art
7. Criticisms and defenses of museums. How museums have changed and is this good or bad? (See Davies, Ch 1, pp. 13 ff. and the reference at the end of the chapter.) Should art be returned to countries in which it was originally created if not fairly sold?
8. Art and ethics (see Davies Ch 8): Is the moral evaluation of art ever legitimate? Is ethics relevant to aesthetics? Can art be beautiful and immoral? When aesthetically judging the Roman Coliseum is it relevant to remember it was designed as a place of human sacrifice? Some relevant articles Eaton, Marcia, (1992). “Integrating the Aesthetic and the Moral, ” Philosophical Studies 67: 3, pp. 219-240 and Noel Carroll, “Art and Ethical Criticism: An Overview of Recent Directions of Research,” Ethics 110 (2000), pp. 350-387.
9. Censorship of art: Should we ever ban or censor art? For what reasons, if at all? Is artistic merit relevant to whether or not it should be banned? Consider examples of controversial pieces of art. See https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/cultureshock/flashpoints/index.html
10. What is pornography? Is all erotic art, pornographic? See articles in Arguing about Art.
11. Public art; its nature and value
12. The debate over Serra’s Tilted Arc and or the Vietnam Veteran’s Memorial: See Arthur Danto, “The Vietnam Veterans Memorial,” see Danto’s paper in the The Nation available at https://hettingern.people.cofc.edu/Aesthetics_Fall_2010/Danto_Vietnam_Veteran%27s_Memorial.pdf
13. Public subsidies for art: Why should we (or should we not) publically subsidize art? For one relevant article, see https://hettingern.people.cofc.edu/Aesthetics_Fall_2010/Carroll_Government_Funding_of_Art.pdf
14. Why is art valuable? What makes it valuable? Is its value entertainment value?
15. Defense of formalism in aesthetic theory. See Nick Zangwill’s writings: https://www.hull.ac.uk/php/465848/HOMEPAGE/publications.html
16. Aesthetic value is the sole value of art as art; artistic value is irrelevant to art as such
17. Exploration of the institutional theory of art: See George Dickie’s work.
18. Historical accounts of art: See Arthur Danto’s work. On Danto: https://www.nytimes.com/books/00/08/06/reviews/000806.06boxert.html
19. Avant-garde art and definitions of art; Why might someone think much recent so-called art is not really art at all? Can you come up with your own definition of art?
20. Objectivity vs subjectivity in aesthetics; see articles on this topic on class web page about whether tastes can or cannot be disputed and also Jerrold Levinson, “Artistic Worth and Personal Taste” Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 68, 3, Summer 2010
21. Food as art; perhaps a critique of Telfer’s claim that it is (or can be) art. See review of Making Sense of Taste: Food & Philosophy by Carolyn Korsmeyer here: https://philosophynow.org/issues/31/Making_Sense_of_Taste_Food_and_Philosophy_by_Carolyn_Korsmeyer
22. Interpretation of art: How important is artistic intention to art interpretation? (Davies Ch 5)
23. How can we be moved emotionally by fiction, given that the events that move us are not real? Why aren’t such responses irrational? See relevant chapters in Arguing about Art.
24. What is sentimentality and what is wrong with it, if anything? Is sentimental art, bad art? See articles in Arguing about Art.
25. Can sex be aesthetic experience? Is sex too bodily, too self-absorbed, too much use of lower senses (taste, touch, smell) to be aesthetics?
26. Philosophical dimensions of architecture, photography or other art forms (e.g., dance).
27. Horror movies: Philosophical issues See references in Berys Gaut, “The Paradox of Horror” article in Arguing text.
28. The aesthetics of everyday life, e.g., the aesthetics of weather, of sports, of smells and tastes. There are books out on this.
29. Videogames and Art: Aaron Smuts Are Video Games Art? Contemporary Aesthetics: Volume 3 2005, https://www.contempaesthetics.org/newvolume/pages/article.php?articleID Tiffany Sutton Immersive Contemplation in Video Art Environments also in Contemporary Aesthetics: Volume 3 2005 Grant Tavinor, “Videogames, Interactivity, and Art,” ASA newsletter Winter 2000, p. 4. Grant Tavinor, “Videogames and Interactive Fiction,” Philosophy and Literature April 2005, 29, 1 Grant Tavinor, The Art of Videogames (Oxford, 2009).
Below is a list of paper topics on environmental aesthetics
30. Aesthetics of gardens (Contemporary Aesthetics has papers on this, I believe)
31. Environmental art: philosophical issues. Is it an aesthetic affront to nature? See Parson’s article we read and the earlier paper by Carlson: Allen Carlson, "Is Environmental Art an Aesthetic Affront to Nature?" Canadian Journal of Philosophy 1986 v 16 pp 635-50. There are interesting responses to these two papers I can help you find.
32. Are windmills aesthetically negative? Does their positive environmental consequences lessen any negative aesthetic value? See Yuriko Saito “Machines in the Ocean: The Aesthetics of Wind Farms” Contemporary Aesthetics: Volume 2 2004, and responses by Jon Boone “The Aesthetic Dissonance of Industrial Wind Machines” and Yuriko Saito response to Jon Boone’s Critique Both in . Contemporary Aesthetics: Volume 3 2005 available on line at https://www.contempaesthetics.org/newvolume/pages/article.php?articleID=319 For some relate humor see: https://www.thedailyshow.com/watch/tue-august-7-2007/jason-jones-180---nantucket
33. Is knowledge of nature required for the best sort of appreciation of nature? See Robert Stecker’s related paper: https://hettingern.people.cofc.edu/Env_Aes_2012/Stecker%20Epistemic%20Norms,%20Moral%20norms%20and%20Nature%20Appreciation.pdf
34. The (im)possibility of beautiful but harmful nature
35. Objectivity in environmental aesthetics; see my Ned Hettinger, “Objectivity in Environmental Aesthetics and Protection of the Environment,” in Allen Carlson and Sheila Lintott, eds., Duty to Beauty: From Aesthetics of Nature to Environmentalism (New York: Columbia University Press, 2008). Available here: https://hettingern.people.cofc.edu/Hettinger%20-%20Objectivity%20in%20Environmental%20Aesthetics.pdf
36. Is aesthetic appreciation of nature (and art?) thoroughly relative and subjective? Is the aesthetics of art more objective than the aesthetics of nature?
37. Is all of nature (unlike art) beautiful? The doctrine of positive aesthetics. Is all nature equally beautiful? See my “Evaluating Positive Aesthetics” available here: https://hettingern.people.cofc.edu/Hettinger_Evaluating_Positive_Aesthetics_2012_Draft.pdf
38. Are moral concerns relevant to the aesthetic appreciation of nature? Is it wrong to aesthetically appreciate an atom bomb mushroom cloud or a pollution sunset?
39. Difference and similarities between the aesthetic appreciation of nature and art
40. Is “being moved by nature” as aesthetically valuable as having a scientifically informed aesthetic response to nature? See the debate between Carroll and Carlson that we address at the end of the semester