(Defenses of God's existence in light of the existence of evil)
- One: God doesn't create evil, humans create it.
- Still God permits it to happen even though he/she could stop it.
- This pertains to moral evil (wrong things that humans do), it ignores
"natural evil"--the bad things that happen in the natural world (e.g.,
suffering of deer while freezing or starving to death).
- Will need a different response to this sort of evil
- Two: There is also a lot of good in the world, and perhaps more good than
evil. Where did all this good come from?
- Still, from an all perfect God one would expect an all perfect world
(the best of all possible worlds)--not a world like ours which
is so mixed with good and evil (just people suffering misfortune and
cruel people thriving).
- Three: Evil is necessary as a contrast with good.
- But only the idea of evil is necessary for a contrast with good. No
actual evil is required.
- Even if the above is false, a little bit of evil would suffice as a
contrast and not the huge amounts of evil in our world.
- Four: Evil is necessary for a greater good ("higher harmony"); good invariably
comes out of evil and requires it. For example, free will is a great good but
it requires the possibility of evil.
- Does this show that God is not omnipotent? Wouldn't an all powerful
God be able to produce good without using or permitting evil as a
- Doesn't evil sometimes come out of evil?
- Five: God's ways are incomprehensible ("inscrutable"). God has reasons that we
- Does this grant that the believer holds contradictory beliefs?
- Six: No right to question God's ways; its presumptuous.
- We have a right to decide what to believe. And if we are trying to
decide whether to believe in an all perfect god, then the existence of
evil has to be confronted as a serious question.