Hettinger Bibliography for Business and Consumer Ethics

March 12, 2009



Some Questions about the Moral Responsibilities of Drug Companies in Developing Countries Brock, Dan W Developing World Bioethics, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 33-37, May 2001


An Unequal Activism for an Unequal Epidemic? Selemogo, Mpho Developing World Bioethics, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 153-168, May 2005 This paper observes that a substantially large moral duty of dealing with the AIDS situation in Africa has been placed on the drug companies and argues that this approach is inequitable. Using the poverty-AIDS relationship and the human rights framework it argues for a more balanced AIDS activism, which puts equal pressure on all potential stakeholders in the war against AIDS. It argues that this redistribution of the HIV/AIDS moral burden is perhaps the only hope for curbing the African AIDS epidemic that continues to ravage communities on that continent.


Is Self-Identity Image Advertising Ethical? Bishop, John Douglas Business Ethics Quarterly, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 371-398, April 2000 This paper argues that image ads are not false or misleading and that whether or not they advocate false values is a matter of subjective reflection. Image ads can undermine a consumer's self-esteem by collectively omitting images authentic for that sort of person (such as large women) and by combining impossible images with implied gaze. Image ads generally do not undermine autonomy of choice, internal autonomy, or social autonomy. It is concluded that image advertising is a basically ethical technique, but several recommendations are given on how use of image advertising can avoid specific harms. (edited)


Towards a New Paradigm in the Ethics of Women's Advertising Cohan, John Alan Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 323-337, October 2001 This paper identifies the ethical issues involved with women's advertising, and argues that ads can be successful in generating sales without portraying women as things or as mere sex objects, and without perpetuating various weakness stereotypes. A paradigm shift in advertising appears to be at hand. This new model replaces images of women as submissive or constantly in a need of alteration, with a move to reinstate beauty as a natural thing, not an unattainable ideal. (edited)


Children as consumers web site? http://www.globalissues.org/TradeRelated/Consumption/Children.asp


COMMENTARY ON CHILDREN AS CONSUMERS. Brenkert, George G Business and Professional Ethics Journal, vol. 3, pp. 147-154, Spring-Summer 1984


The Business Responsibility for Wealth Distribution in a Globalized Political-Economy Merging Moral Economics and Catholic Social Teaching Kohls, John; Christensen, Sandra L Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 223-234, February 2002 This paper asserts that businesses have a responsibility to consider the wealth distribution effects of their wealth-creating decisions. We use arguments from moral economics and Catholic social teaching to support this assertion, deriving decision principles that we apply to the Starbucks fair-trade coffee case. (edited)


Ethical Consumerism: The Case of Fairly-Traded Coffee Bird, Kate; Hughes, David R Business Ethics: A European Review, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 159-167, July 1997   Consumer concern for "ethical products," or ethical aspects of the goods which they purchase, is a subject of increasing interest and research, which is here illustrated by an examination of the Fair Trade movement, with special reference to coffee as an indicative commodity.(edited)



Fair Trade: The Scope of the Debate Anderson, Tim; Riedl, Elisabeth Australian Journal of Professional and Applied Ethics, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 6-18, June           'Fair trade' refers to a bewildering array of quite different proposals. Even 'free trade' often identifies with arguments about fairness. This paper analyses the variants of 'fair trade', dividing the arguments into three broad categories: 'free trade' as fairness, fairness through linking labour rights to trade liberalisation, and fairness through proposals for value redistribution. Each of these broad categories contains important subvariants, which we introduce and explain. We conclude with comments about the legitimacy of the various arguments.



Fair Trade: Three Key Challenges for Reaching the Mainstream

Ferrie, Jared; Hira, Anil Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 107-118, January 2006 This article addresses several major remaining challenges: (a) a lack of agreement about what fair trade really means and how it should be certified; (b) uneven awareness and availability across different areas, with marked differences between some parts of Europe and North America that reflect more fundamental debates about distribution; (c) larger questions about the extent of the potential contribution of fair trade to development under the current system, including limitations on the number and types of workers affected and the fair trade focus on commodity goods. (edited)



Consumer Ethics: An Assessment of Individual Behavior in the Market Place

Fullerton, Sam; Kerch, Kathleen B; Dodge, H Robert Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 805-814, July 1996 ... predisposition of the American marketplace by calculating a consumer ethics index. The results indicate that the population is quite intolerant of perceived ethical abuses. The situations where consumers are ambivalent tend to be those where the seller ...


Reading between the Lines: Direct-to-Consumer Advertising of Genetic Testing

Prasad, Kiran; Hull, Sara Chandros Hastings Center Report, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 33-35, May-June 2001 This is a case study in the kinds of problems to expect from this increasingly popular marketing tactic.


Ethnic Marketing Ethics Pires, Guilherme D; Stanton, John Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 36, no. 1-2, pp. 111-118, March 2002 This paper reviews the concepts of ethnicity and ethnic groups and their relevance for marketing strategy within an economy where there is a dominant group and also significant minority ethnic groups. The ethical consequences for minority communities ...  


The Relationship between Ethical Business Practices, Government Regulations, and Consumer Rights: An Examination in Saudi Arabia

Bhuian, Shahid N; Abdul-Muhmin, Alhassan G; Kim, David

Business and Professional Ethics Journal, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 47-64, Spring 2002

... government regulations and perceive higher status of consumer rights, when they perceive more ethical business practices. The results are mixed. Ethical practices related to product quality entice consumers to ask for more government regulations, ...


Does Autonomy Count in Favor of Labeling Genetically Modified Food?

Hansen, Kirsten Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 67-76, 2004 In this paper I argue that consumer autonomy does not count in favor of the labeling of genetically modified foods (GM foods) more than for the labeling of non-GM foods. Further, reasonable considerations support the view that it is non-GM ...


Anne Marie Todd - The Aesthetic Turn in Green Marketing: Environmental Consumer Ethics of Natural Personal Care Products - Ethics & the Environment 9:2 Ethics & the Environment 9.2 (2004) 86-102 The Aesthetic Turn in Green Marketing Environmental Consumer Ethics of Natural Personal Care Products Anne Marie Todd Abstract Green consumerism is on the rise in America, but its environmental effects are contested. Does green marketing contribute to the greening of American consciousness, or does it encourage corporate greenwashing? This tenuous ethical position means that eco-marketers must carefully frame their environmental products in a way that appeals to consumers with environmental ethics and buyers who consider natural products as well as conventional items. Thus, eco-marketing constructs a complicated ethical identity for the green consumer. Environmentally aware individuals are already guided by their personal ethics. In trying to attract new consumers, environmentally minded businesses attach an aesthetic quality to environmental goods. In an era where environmentalism is increasingly hip, what are the implications for an environmental ethics infused with a sense of aesthetics? This article analyzes the promotional materials of three companies that advertise their environmental consciousness: Burt's Bee's Inc., Tom's of Maine, Inc., and The Body Shop Inc. Responding to an increasing online shopping market, these companies make their promotional ...

            



"Just Environmental Business." Chapter 11, pages 324-359, in Tom Regan, ed., Just Business: New Introductory Essays in Business Ethics (New York: Random House, 1984). Also published in Philosophy Gone Wild. Reprinted in Dale Westphal and Fred Westphal, eds., Planet in Peril: Essays in Environmental Ethics (Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1994), pp. 149-170. Download/print in PDF format, 1.1 mb. Available at:

http


ETHICS OF CONSUMPTION


Juliet Schor Clothes Encounters (October 2004) and Born to Buy: The Commercialized Child and the New Consumer Culture, Scribner 2004)


David Crocker and Toby Linden, The Ethics of Consumption Rowman and Littlefield, 1997 (564 pages)


Technology and the Good Life by Eric Higgs (Editor), Andrew Light (Editor), David Strong 2000. Davis Baird thinks this is good. Reviewed in EE fall 2003. Possibly good says Ned: Intro by Higgs, Light, Strong, or Durbin’s short phil of tech retro and prospective views?? Or Thomas Power’s article “Trapped in Consumption: modern Social Structure and the Entrenchment of the Devise” (really about how economy traps people in consumption)


“Ethics of Seeing: consuming Environments” Ethics and the Environment 9,2 Fall/Winter 2004 includes “‘You belong Outside’: Advertising, Nature and the SUV”; papers by communications professors.


Cafaro, Philip, "Less is More: Economic Consumption and the Good Life." Philosophy Today 42(1998): 26-39. We should judge economic consumption on whether it improves or detracts from our lives, and act on that basis. The issue of consumption is placed in the context of living a good life, in order to discuss its justifiable limits. Two important areas of our economic activity, food consumption and transportation, are examined from an eudaimonist perspective. From the perspective of our enlightened self-interest, we see that when it comes to economic consumption, less is more. Not always, and not beyond a certain minimum level. But often, less is more; especially for the middle and upper class members of wealthy industrial societies. This is the proper perspective from which to consider environmentalists' calls for limiting consumption in order to protect nature. (v.9,#3)

Dale Jamieson, Companion to Environmental Philosophy, Blackwell Publishing 2001, includes

34. Consumption: Mark Sagoff (Institute For Philosophy and Publc Policy).


http://www.swt.org/

http://www.timesizing.com/

www.freetimeday.org

http://www.pbs.org/kcts/affluenza/


Duane Elgin, Voluntary Simplicity, 1981.


Redefining Progress, voluntary simplicity, Atlantic Monthly.


Dr. David E. Shi The Simple Life: Plain Living and High Thinking in American Culture (1985)


Robin and Dominguez, Your Money Or Your Life


The Ethics of Waste: How We Relate to Rubbish by Gay Hawkins Nov 2004 Rowman and Littlefield

 

Sharing Nature's Interest : Ecological Footprints as an Indicator of Sustainability by Nicky Chambers, Craig Simmons, Mathis Wackernage 2001 Earthscan Pubns Ltd; ISBN: 1853837393

 

Affluenza: The All-Consuming Epidemic by John De Graaf, David Wann, Thomas H. Naylor, Redefining Progress 2001 Berrett-Koehler ; ISBN: 1576751511

 

 

By John de Graaf, Editor, Take Back Your Time: Fighting Overwork & Time Poverty In America

 

In office of media and technology, 2nd floor Ed. Ctr get Affluenza video and “Escape from Affluenza”

 

Graceful Simplicity: Toward a Philosophy and Politics of Simple Living by Jerome M. Segal, © 1999 by Jerome M. Segal. Published by Henry Holt and Company LLC.

 

http://www.puaf.umd.edu/IPPP/spring_summer99/simple_creatures.htm

 

Radically simple video from bullfrog films.

 

Segal, Consumer Expenditures and the Growth of Need-Required Income in Crocker, eds, Ethics of Consumption

 

Paul Wachtel, Alternatives to the Consumer Soceity, in Crocker, eds, Ethics of Consumption

 

 

 John De Graff: Turbocapitalism, Robert Franks, Winner Take All Society

 

 

Mark Sagoff, “Do we consume too much?” Atlantic Monthly and reply by Paul Ehrlich et al.n I have the Sagoff in Westra/Werhand, The business of consumption. I have copy too. He argues that it is a fallacy to think we are running out of resources–lots of stats and facts supporting, but too much not much analysis; same old economics doesn’t address env. issue here, but moral reasons support claim consume too much. http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/97jun/consume.htm

Ehrilich’s reply is at (and I have) http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/97dec/enviro.htm

 

Laura Westra and Patricia Werhane, The Business of Consumption: Environmental Ethics and the Global Economy Rowman and Littlefield Sept 1998.

 

 

A.L. Hammond, ‟Limits to Consumption and Economic Growth: The Middle Ground,” Philosophy and Public Policy, 15,4 (1995): 9-12.

 

 

"The Ethics of Consumption," Report from the Institute of Philosophy and Public Policy (QQ) 15, 4. I have.

 

 

Newburry and Gladwin, “Shell and Nigerian Oil” a Case Study” in Tom Donaldson and Pat Werhane, Ethical Issues in Business 6th edition (I have).

 

Holmes Rolston, “Environmental Protection and an Equitable International Order: Ethics After the Earth summit, Business Ethics Quarterly 5,4, 1995.

 

 

Stephan Schmidheiny, Changing Course: A Global Business Perspective on Development and The Environemnt (Cambridge, MA: MIT press). Reily told his staff if read only one book this year this should be it. Has executive summary comes with hardcover edition (ISEE 3,3, p. 18.)

 

ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS (and env. and business) Business and environment

 

Paul Hawken, “Natural Capitalism,” Mother Jones 22,2 (1997): 40-52. (Student used seemed quite good).

 

Victor Wallis, “Socialism, Ecology, and Democracy: Towards a strategy of conversion,” Monthly Review 44, 2 (1992): 1-23.

 

Mark Sagoff, “Can we put a price on Nature’s Services?” in QQ Summer 1997. I have.

 

On employment, jobs, and env.: Frederick Buttel, Charles Geisler and Irving Wiswall, eds. Labor and the Environment (Greenwood press, 1984).

 

Joel Makower, John Elkington and Julia Mailes, The Green Consumer 1990?

Robert Costanza and Herman Daly, “Natural Capital and Sustainable Development,” Conservation Biology 6, 1 (1992): 37-46.

 

A Markandya and J Richardson, Environmental Economics: A Reader, 1992 In library.

 

Andrew Kernohan, "Rights against Polluters," Env. Ethics 17,3, 1995.

 

Alan Strudler, "Valuing Nature: Assessing Damages for Oil Spills," QQ 15,1, 1995. Contingent valuing?

 

Snorre Kverndokk, "Tradeable CO2 Emission Permits: Initial Distirbution as a Justice Problem," Environmental Values 4,2, 1995.

 

Rajaram Krishnan, et al., A Survey of Ecological Economics (1995, Island Press).

 

R. Repetto, "Balance-Sheet Erosion: How to Account for the Loss of Natural Resources," International Env. Affairs 1, pp103-137, 1989.

 

from Rob Handfield

 

"The Challenge of Going Green," Harvard Bus Review July/Aug 1994.

 

Adam Jaffe, et al., "Environmental Regulation and the Competitiveness of US Manufacturing: What Does the evidence Tells us?" Journal of Economic Literature (forthcoming as of 1994).

 

Paul Hawken, The Ecology of Commerce: A Declaration of Sustainability (Harper Business, 1993). In library. I have.

 

Michael Porter, "America's Green Strategy," Scientific American (April 1991): 168.

 

Faye Rice, "Who Scores Best on the Environment," Fortune July 26, 1993.

 

Noah Walley and Bradley Whitehead, "It's Not easy Being Green," Harvard Business REview May-June, 1994: 46-52.

 

end rob

 

Joel Markower, The E Factor (Times Books, 1993).

 

J Martomez-Alier, "The Envrionment as a luxury good or "too poor to be green"? Ecological Economics 13 (1995) 1-10. I have.

 

Mark Sagoff, "Four Dogmas of Environmental Economics," Environmental Values 3 (1994): 285-310). I have.

 

Environmental and Resource Economics (journal) from Kluwer Vol 1 1990, incredibly expensive.

 

"Authentic Wealth," Orion Summer 93, articles by Tom Power and Mark Sagoff.

 

"Green Economics," The Economist June 24, 1989: 48.

 

Durwood Zaelke, et. al, eds. Trade and the Environment Island press 1993. I have.

 

Douglas Yu, "Free Trade is Green, Protectionism Is Not," Conservation Biology 8,4, Dec 1994: 989.

 

Herman Daly, "The Perils of Free Trade," 41-57, J. Bhgwati, "The Case for Free trade,"42-48 Scientific American 269 1993.

 

GH Brundtland, "Growth is Good," Mother Jones 15, p. 48 1990.

 

The Arm Chair Economist

 

Herman Daly, Boundless Bull, Text p. 345. (And other arguments in V.C. of Text)

 

Sandra Postel's, "Toward a New Eco-nomics" Worldwatch Sept./Oct 1990) photocopy packet pp. 69-77.

 

William K. Reilly, "The Green Thumb of Capitalism: The Environmetal Benefits of Sustainable Growth," Policy Review Fall 1990. I have.

 

W. Michael Hoffman, et al., eds, The Corporation, Ethics, and the Environment (New York: Quorum Books, 1990). In Library.

 

Rogene A. Bucholtz, "Corporate Responsibility and the Good Society: From Economics to Ecology," Business Horizons 34,4 (1991): 19-31.

 

James Post, "Managing as if the Earth Mattered," Business Horizons 34,4 (1991): 32-38.

 

"Business and the Environment" a special issue of Business Horizons 35,2, March/April 1992.

 

Wendell Berry, "Conservation is Good Work," Amicus 14,1 (Winter 92) (on importance of using consumer buying power in favor of conservation.)

 

Articles in Science 260 (25 June 1993) on "Environment and the Economy" (I have) including

            -"Protecting the Environment with the Power of the market"

            "Is Environmental Technology a Key to a Healthy Economy"

            "Wetlands Trading is a Loser's Game, Say Ecologists"

            "Can Sustainable Farming Win the Battle of the Bottom Line?"

            "How to Make the Forests of the World Pay their Way"

 

Charles Dibona, "Assessing Environmental Damage," Issues in Science and Technology 9,1 Fall 1992 and lots of letters to editor on this in same journal 9,2, Winter 92-93. I have. Dibona's article criticizes oil spill regulations that would include non-use value in damage awards. (Shadow pricing.)

 

J. Harris, 1991, "The Challenge of Teaching Environmental Economics" unpublished. See David Orr article below.

 

David Orr, "The Economics of Conservation," Conservation Biology 5,4, Dec 1991. I have.

 

John Thompson, The Environmental Entrepreneur, Where to Find the Profit in Saving the Earth. (I have)

 

Christopher and Judith Plant, ed., Green Business: Hope or Hoax? (I have)

 

"Clive Splash, "Economics, Ethics, and Long-Term Env. Damages" EE 15,2 Summer 1993. (looks so, so, on future gen and compensation)

 

Paul Steidlmeier, "The Morality Of Pollution Permits" Environmental Ethics 15,2 Summer 1993.

 

Steven Edwards, "In Defense of Environmental Economics," EE 9, 1987,:73. and Sagoff response in later issue.

 

Business and Society Review, 67, Fall 1988, pp. 10-17 ("The american forest: garden of eden or logger's paradise?" "Privatization means Profit and Preservation; "Privitization: The Seed of Greed.")

 

Hazel Henderson, The Politics of the Solar Age: Alternatives to Economics, 1988.

 

Bruce Leigh, "How Green is your Company?" International Management 44, Jan 89,

 

Jay Hair, "Expanding the Corporate Role in Env. Protection." International Wildlife 15 Jan/Feb 1985, p. 25.

 

Collin Clark, "Clear-Cut Economies: Should we Harvest Everything Now?," The Sciences, Jan/Feb 89, 17-19. I have.

 

Robert Repetto, "Accounting for Environmental Assets," Scientific American 266 (#6, June: 94-100. (Country can cut down its forest erode its soils, pollute its aquifers, cause extinction but measured income not affected as these assets disappear; impoverishment is taken as progress.)

 

Ecological Economics, The Journal of the International Society for Ecological Economics, ed. by Robert Costanza, Herman Daly, DW Pearce. I have title page.

 

Herman Daly, Steady State Economics, (San Francisco: WH Freeman and Company, 1977). and Herman Daly, Steady State Economics, Second Edition, (Island Press, 1991). (In library)

 

Herman Daly and Kenneth Townsend, Valuing the Earth, Economics, Ecology, Ethics, 1993. (I have) includes Garrett Hardin on "Second Thoughts on Tragedy of Commons" C.S. Lewis' "The Abolition of Man" concerns man's victory over nature, Boulding on Economics of Spaceship Earth, Daly on Imposs of sustainable growth, and Econ incentives to maintain our env., Daly from his book "Steady State Economy"

 

Robert Costanza, ed. 1991, Ecological Economics: The Science and Management of Sustainability (Columbia Univ. Press).

 

Colin Clark, "The Economics of Overexploitation," Science 181 (1974): 630-634. (on how tragedy of commons applies to private land too.)

 

Daniel Fife, "Killing the Goose," Environment 13 (1971): 0-7. (on how tragedy of commons applies to private land too.)

In " and Baden, Managing the Commons (in library)

 

Allen V. Kneese and JL Sweeney eds, Handbook of Natural Resource and Energy Economics, includes "Ethics and Environmental Economics" by Kneese and William Schulze.

 

Herman Daly's and John Cobb's, For the Common Good

Herman Daly, "Economics and Sustainability: In Defense of a Steady State Economy" in Michael Tobias, ed. Deep Ecology

 

Daniel Decker and Gary Goff, ed., Valuing Wildlife, Economic and Social Perspectives (Westview Press, 1987). (Callicott has an article in there called "The Philosophical Value of Wildlife). (In library at Marine Lab.)

 

 

David Pearce, "Green Economics" Environmental Values, Vol 1,1 SP 92. (I have)

 

Terr Anderson and Donald Leal, Free Market Environmentalism (Westview, 1991)

 

Michael Zimmerman, J. Baird Callicott, Karen J. Warren, and John Clarke, eds. Environmental Philosophy: From Animal Rights to Radical Ecology, second edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1998. This second edition of a popular anthology expands edition one (1993) with two new essays on environmental ethics, a section on political ecology, social ecology, including essays on free market environmentalism, sustainable development, liberal environmentalism, socialist environmentalism, bioregionalism, ecotage. (v9,#1)

 

Eckersley, Robyn, "Free Market Environmentalism: Friend or Foe?", Environmental Politics 2(1993):1-19. "Free market environmentalism" proposes that environmental problems can be solved by creating and enforcing tradeable property rights in respect of common environmental assets. But while the market can allocate resources efficiently, it cannot by itself perform the task of setting an optimal (in the sense of just) distribution of income nor an optimal (in the sense of sustainable scale) of the economy relative to the ecosystem. There are certain specific environmental problems where "free market environmentalism" may prove to be the most appropriate solution (it can, for example, promote energy efficiency through market mechanisms), but it is inappropriate as a blanket solution to the ecological crisis. This calls for economic policies concerned with three broad goals: economic efficiency, social justice and ecological sustainability. Eckersley is in politics at Monash University, Australia. A useful response by Michael Jacobs (University of Lancaster, UK) is in the Winter 1993 issue, vol. 2, no. 4. (v5,#4)

 

F. Herbert Bormann and Stephen Kellert, eds., Ecology, Economics, Ethics: The Broken Circle, Yale U. Press, 1991. Ordered I have. Including articles by Wilson, Ehrenfeld on Conservation Paradox (active management often reduces diversity), Wes Jackson's "Nature as Measure for a Sustainable Agriculture", "The Dimensions of the Pesticide Question" "Groundwater" "Incentives for Conservation", and Thomas Eisner, "Chemical Prospecting"

 

Business and the Environment

 

1.                     W. Michael Hoffman, et al., eds., The Corporation, Ethics, and the Environment (New York: Quorum Books, 1990).

 

2.                     Norman Bowie, "Morality, Money, and Motor Cars"

 

3.                     Holmes Rolston, "Just Environmental Business," in Philosophy Gone Wild (Buffalo: Prometheus, 1986).

 

4.                     Michael McCloskey, "Customers as Environmentalists" 1989.

 

5.                     "Waste and the Environment," The Economist, May 29, 1993: 3-18.

 

Newton, Lisa H. Business Ethics and the Natural Environment. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2005. On Pacific Lumber as a case study: The clear-cutting of the redwood forests under the direction of Charles Hurwitz’s takeover of the company epitomizes the clash between the short-term economic interests of corporations and the longer term interests of environmentalists (such as aesthetic preservation, habitat protection, sustainable land use). Newton asks whether legal structures and government regulation can intervene and if so, to what extent? The answers involve a closer look at the general responsibilities of business interests to the larger community as well as an examination of private property rights.

 

BUSINESS ETHICS

 

 

Articles and Books of Potential Use for Business Ethics Papers

 

James Brummer, “The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act and the Dilemma of Applied Ethics, Business and Professional Ethics Journal 4, 1 Fall ???? I have a copy.

 

Does the Stakeholder Theory Constitute a New Kind of Theory of Social Responsibility?

Carson, Thomas L Business Ethics Quarterly, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 171-176, April 1993 ... a version (albeit a somewhat different version) of Milton Friedman's theory of corporate social responsibility. I also argue that the first two formulations of the stakeholder theory which Goodpaster discusses are at most only slight modifications ..

 

Justifying Moral Initiative by Business, with Rejoinders to Bill Shaw and Richard Nunan.

Mulligan, Thomas M Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 93-103, February 1990 ... Nunan (JBE, December 1988) of my paper "A Critique of Milton Friedman's Essay 'The Social Responsibility of Business Is to Increase its Profits'" (JBE, August 1986). Professors Shaw and Nunan identify several points where my argument could benefit ...

 

 

Business Ethics in a Free Society Machan, Tibor R Machan, Tibor R.(1995). Liberty for the Twenty-First Century: Contemporary Libertarian Thought, Machan, Tibor R (ed). (pp. 143-156). Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield. ... and foremost, the narrow view commonly presented via Milton Friedman's famous paper on the topic is not sufficient for an understanding of business ethics. Firms, like individuals, live among others and while their own pursuits take priority ..

 

THE LIBERTARIAN CONCEPTION OF CORPORATE PROPERTY: A CRITIQUE OF MILTON FRIEDMAN'S VIEWS ON THE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF BUSINESS.

Nunan, Richard Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 7, pp. 891-906, December 1988 This is a critique of milton friedman's thesis that corporate executives have a fiduciary responsibility not to pursue socially desirable goals at the expense of profitability. The author argues that even under a libertarian conception of ...

 

A REPLY TO THOMAS MULLIGAN'S CRITIQUE OF MILTON FRIEDMAN'S ESSAY 'THE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF BUSINESS TO INCREASE ITS PROFITS'. Shaw, Bill

Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 7, pp. 537-543, July 1988 Professor thomas mulligan undertakes to discredit milton friedman's thesis that "the social responsibility of business is to increase its profits." he attempts to do this by moving from friedman's paradigm characterizing a ...

 

A CRITIQUE OF MILTON FRIEDMAN'S ESSAY 'THE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY OF BUSINESS IS TO INCREASE ITS PROFITS'. Mulligan, Thomas Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 5, pp. 265-269, August 1986 The main arguments of milton friedman's famous and influential essay are unsuccessful: he fails to prove that the exercise of social responsibility in business is by nature an unfair and socialist practice. Much of friedman's ...

 

 

When is Lying Morally Permissible? Casuistical Reflections on the Game Analogy, Self-Defense, Social Contract Ethics. Van Wyk, Robert N One justification for lying and deception draws analogies between situations in which deception is justified and games such as poker. Another justification is similar to the justification for the use of force in self-defense. This paper discusses such justifications and reaches conclusions about when they are legitimate and when not. However, even when one has a "right" to deceive, one must still ask about the effect of deception on one's own character. The paper refers to various examples including some from "Is Business Bluffing Ethical?" by Albert Carr, a paper that appears in a number of business ethics and introduction to ethics anthologies.

 

The Altruists' Dilemma Grant, Colin Business Ethics Quarterly, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 315-328, April 2004 The claim of neutrality made on behalf of "the prisoner's dilemma" has been re-enforced by Kay Mathiesen's creation of "the altruist's dilemma." That this represents a neutral variation on "the prisoner's dilemma" is compromised, however, by the ..

 

Game Theory As a Model for Business and Business Ethics Solomon, Robert C Business Ethics Quarterly, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 11-29, January 1999       Game theory has become a celebrated discipline in its own right, and it now plays a prestigious role in many disciplines, including ethics, due in particular to the neo-Hobbesian thinking of David Gauthier and others. Now it is perched at the edge of business ethics. I believe that it is dangerous and demeaning. It makes us look the wrong way at business, reinforcing a destructive obsession with measurable outcomes and a false sense of competition. It falsely characterizes or insidiously advocates a style of human behavior that is utterly unacceptable. (edited)

 

What Is this Thing Called Reputation? Morris, Christopher W Business Ethics Quarterly, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 87-102, January 1999 Concern for one's "reputation" has been introduced in recent game theory enabling theorists to demonstrate the rationality of cooperative behavior in certain contexts. And these impressive results have been generalized to a variety of situations studied .

 

When is Lying Morally Permissible? Casuistical Reflections on the Game Analogy, Self-Defense, Social Contract Ethics. Van Wyk, Robert N One justification for lying and deception draws analogies between situations in which deception is justified and games such as poker. Another justification is similar to the justification for the use of force in self-defense. This paper discusses such justifications and reaches conclusions about when they are legitimate and when not. However, even when one has a "right" to deceive, one must still ask about the effect of deception on one's own character. The paper refers to various examples including some from "Is Business Bluffing Ethical?" by Albert Carr, a paper that appears in a number of business ethics and introduction to ethics anthologies.

 

A RESPONSE TO IS BUSINESS BLUFFING ETHICAL. Sullivan, Roger J Business and Professional Ethics Journal, vol. 3, pp. 1-18, Winter 1984 In his article, "is business bluffing ethical?" ("harvard business review", 1968), The late albert carr presented what has come to be regarded as a classic defense of the view that it is mistake to think business ...

C. D. Meyers, Moral Duty, Individual Responsibility, and Sweatshop Exploitation, Journal of Social Philosophy, Winter 2007

 

PERSUASIVE ADVERTISING, AUTONOMY, AND THE CREATION OF DESIRE.

Crisp, Roger Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 6, pp. 413-418, July 1987 It is argued that persuasive advertising overrides the autonomy of consumers, In that it manipulates them without their knowledge and for no good reason. Such advertising causes desires in such a way that a necessary ...

 

 Children and the Changing World of Advertising Moore, Elizabeth S Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 52, no. 2, pp. 161-167, June 2004 Concerns about children's ability to fully comprehend and evaluate advertising messages has stimulated substantial research and heated debate among scholars, business leaders, consumer advocates, and public policy makers for more than three ...

 

 

 THE INFORMATIVE AND PERSUASIVE FUNCTIONS OF ADVERTISING: A MORAL APPRAISAL--A FURTHER COMMENT. Lee, Kam-Hon Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 6, pp. 55-57, January 1987 ... solely on the goodness of the product. In the case where consumer sovereignty can be assumed, The goodness of an advertisement depends first on whether the product is good, And if so, Whether the advertisement preserves individual autonomy.

 

THE SPECIAL RESILIENCY OF COMMERCIAL SPEECH AS A DEUS EX MACHINA.

Davis, Michael Law and Philosophy: An International Journal for Jurisprudence and Legal Philosophy, vol. 6, pp. 121-128, April 1987 ... of most thinking about free speech, What he called "the autonomy analysis." but, In fact, He misunderstood the place of rationality in the autonomy analysis and must rely on a doubtful empirical claim or on a contradiction.

 

Advertising and Deep Autonomy Sneddon, Andrew Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 15-28, September 2001 Concerns about advertising take one of two forms. Some people are worried that advertising threatens autonomous choice. Others are worried not about autonomy but about the values spread by advertising ...

 

 Market Arguments and Autonomy Barrett, Richard Journal of Philosophy of Education, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 327-341, May 2000 ... pro-market argument is acknowledged. The defense of advertising that it does not violate autonomy is contested, and it is argued that advertising contravenes both autonomy of action and autonomy ...

 

 Food Advertising, Education, and the Erosion of Autonomy Raley, Yvonne International Journal of Applied Philosophy, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 67-79, Spring 2006 ... specifically targeting children with their advertisements. Advertising has even infiltrated the educational system in the form of corporate sponsored "educational materials." This paper discusses the effects such aggressive forms of advertising ...

 

 

The Polycentric Character of Business Ethics Decisionmaking in International Contexts

Jackson, Kevin T Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 123-143, January 2000 ... focus is on ethical problems, such as controlling child labor in LDCs such as Bangladesh, India and Pakistan; setting wages in developing countries like Honduras; and conducting business transactions with rights-violating regimes, such as ...

 

 Economic Ethics, Business Ethics and the Idea of Mutual Advantages Luetge, Christoph

Business Ethics: A European Review, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 108-118, April 2005 ... economics as a key theoretical resource and which focuses on institutions for implementing moral norms. This conception is then elaborated further in the area of business ethics. It is illustrated by examining the case for banning child labor.

 

Child Labor Abroad, Roland Pierik, Philosophy and Public Policy Quarterly 24,3 Summer 2004.

 

Cross-Cultural Ethics and the Child Labor Problem Hindman, Hugh D; Smith, Charles G

Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 21-33, March 1999 This paper examines the issue of global child labor. The treatment is grounded in the classical economics of Adams Smith and the more recent writings of human capital theorists. We argue that, as countries industrialize, they tend to follow ...

 

Ethical Dimensions of Global Development (I have), good chapters on retribution and reconciliation, complicity in mass violence, female genital mutilation, child labor, Daly on Globalization. Edited by Verna V. Gehring I have Introduction by William Galston 2006 Book looks quite good.

 

Achieving Ethics and Fairness in Hiring: Going Beyond the Law Alder, G Stoney; Gilbert, Joseph Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 68, no. 4, pp. 449-464, November 2006 ... have been busy in sorting out the legal meaning of fairness in employment. While ethical managers must follow the law in their hiring practices, they cannot be satisfied with legal compliance. In this article, we first briefly summarize what ...

 

Media ethics : a philosophical approach : Kieran, Matthew,; C of C Book Stacks; P94 .K54 1997 ; Media Ethics: A Philosophical Approach Kieran, Matthew (eds.) Reviews in Ethics: An International Journal of Social, Political, and Legal Philosophy, vol. 110, no. 4, pp. 845-846, July 2000

 

Media Ethics Lichtenberg, Judith in Frey, R G.(2003). A Companion to Applied Ethics: Blackwell Companions to Philosophy, Frey, R G (ed). (pp. 597-607). Malden MA: Blackwell Publishing.

 

 

 The Endemic Reality of Media Ethics and Self-Restraint Morant, Blake D Notre Dame Journal of Law, Ethics and Public Policy, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 595-636, 2005  Written for a symposium on media and ethics, this article explores the efficacy of the news media's self-imposed rules of journalistic ethics as mechanisms that temper reporting behavior. Virtually all media have adopted an ethical code, the terms of which revolve around concepts of truth and integrity. These codes operate in tandem with natural market forces that encourage responsible journalistic behavior. The dissemination of truthful information garners larger audiences, a phenomenon that motivates the news media to preserve its integrity. The media's continual quest for truth is not, however, as a panacea. The industry must take steps to inculcate ethical rules into its reporting behavior. This article, therefore, implores the news media to reinforce the tenets of ethic codes through training and conscious emphasis. Furthermore, the industry must inform its audience of the salience and prevalence of ethical codes and their specific implementation in its operations.

 

 

In Defense of Advertising: A Social Perspective Phillips, Barbara J Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 109-118, February 1997 ... been attributed to advertising: a) the elevation of consumption over other social values, b) the increasing use of goods to satisfy social needs, and c) the increasing dissatisfaction of individual consumers. This explanation yields a defense ..

 

 

The Ethics of Consumption Activities: A Future Paradigm? Buchholz, Rogene A

Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 17, no. 8, pp. 871-882, June 1998 Concern about the environment and sustainable growth has raised questions related to resource availability and limits regarding the ability of the planet to provide everyone with an improved material standard of living. Such concerns lead to charges that the industrialized world, particularly the United States, is living beyond its means and taking more than its share of resources to produce a life style that is not sustainable. Whether overconsumption is a legitimate problem and changing patterns of consumption are necessary are questions that need discussion. (edited)

 

 

 How Much Is Too Much? Partridge, Ernest in Werhane, Patricia H.(2000). Environmental Challenges to Business: The Ruffin Series No. 2, Werhane, Patricia H (ed). (pp. 91-100). Bowling Green: Soc Bus Ethics.

            There are a whole host of good articles in this volume of Werhane’s

 

Autonomous Consumption: Buying into the Ideology of Capitalism Cunningham, Anne Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 229-236, December 2003 The purpose of this article is to examine three different approaches to autonomy in order to demonstrate how each leads to a different conclusion about the ethicality of advertising. I contend that Noggle's (1995) belief-based autonomy theory provides the most complete understanding of autonomy. Read in conjunction with Arendt's theory of cooperative power, Noggle's theory leads to the conclusion that advertising does not violate consumers' autonomy. Although it is possible for advertisers to abuse the power granted them by society these abuses do not constitute a violation of consumers' autonomy.  

 

 

Fair Trade: Three Key Challenges for Reaching the Mainstream Ferrie, Jared; Hira, Anil

Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 107-118, January 2006 This article addresses several major remaining challenges: (a) a lack of agreement about what fair trade really means and how it should be certified; (b) uneven awareness and availability across different areas, with marked differences between some ...

 

 

Corporate Social Responsibility and Socially Responsible Investing: A Global Perspective

Hill, Ronald Paul; Ainscough, Thomas; Shank, Todd (& Others) Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 70, no. 2, pp. 165-174, January 2007 This research examines the relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and company stock valuation across three regions of the world. After a brief introduction, the article gives an overview of the evolving definition of CSR as well ...

 

AIDS Is Not a Business: A Study in Global Corporate Responsibility -- Securing Access to Low-Cost HIV Medications Flanagan, William Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 65-75, June 2007 ... analysis, the authors show that the exercise of corporate social responsibility (CSR) can be viewed in practice as a dynamic negotiation and an interaction between multiple actors. Action undertaken in terms of voluntary CSR alone may be insufficient. .

 

Developing Social Responsibility: Biotechnology and the Case of DuPont in Brazil

Griesse, Margaret Ann Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 103-118, June 2007 ... debate and has required us to reevaluate theories of social responsibility. This article, first, briefly discusses the progressive stages of social responsibility that scholars have outlined as they examine the history of businesses. ..

 

The Social Responsibilities of International Business Firms in Developing Areas Bird, Frederick; Smucker, Joseph Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 1-9, June 2007 Three principles must be taken into account in assessing the social responsibilities of international business firms in developing areas. The first is an awareness of the historical and institutional dynamics of local communities. The second is the necessity of nonintimidating communication with local constituencies. The third is the degree to which the firm's operations safeguard and, indeed, improve the social and economic assets of local communities. At issue is the question of adequate compensation for the inevitable disruptions that an international business brings to a local community. Beneficial returns must be shared and sustained over the long term in an equitable manner. The nine studies in this special edition illustrate in different ways the importance of these three principles. (edited)

 

 

Globalization, Interconnectedness, and Wal-Mart the Bully Collins, Denis Business Ethics Quarterly, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 289-304, April 2006    This article takes a critical look at Thomas Friedman's The World is Flat. Missing from Friedman's list of barriers to successful globalization are the capitalist bullies whose behaviors are described so well by Marx. Absent an assertive referee, a level playing field provides the local capitalist bully, such as Wal-Mart, more room to impose its self-centered will on vulnerable populations.

 

Ethical Immunity in Business: A Response to Two Arguments Piker, Andrew Journal of Business Ethics, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 337-346, April 2002 In this paper I examine the claim that business persons have what might be called "ethical immunity" with respect to the duty not to deceive. According to this ethical immunity claim, business persons are exempt from the ordinary ethical prohibition against deception; and widespread business deception is therefore ethically permissible. I focus on two arguments for the claim. (edited)

 

 

Dwight Lee and Richard McKenzie, "How the marketplace fosters Business honesty," Business and Society Review Winter 1995.

 

Amar Bhide and Steverson?, "Why be Honest if Honest Doesn't Pay?" Harvard Business Review Sept-oct 1990

 

Kenneth Aupperle, et al., "An Empirical Examination of the Relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility and Profitability," Academy of Management Journal 1985, 28,2: 446-463.

 

 

Insider Trading

 

Bill Irvine, "Insider Trading: An Ethical Appraisal"

 

Gary Tidwell, "Why Insider trading is damaging and illegal," The News and Courier, Sept. 13, 1987, A14.

 

S. David Young, "Insider Trading: Why the Concern?" Journal of Accounting, Auditing, and Finance 8,3 (Spring 1985): 178-83.

 

Earl Ludman, "Insider Trading: The Case for Regulation," Journal of Accounting, Auditing, and Finance 1,2 (Spring 1986): 118-24.

 

Markets, Morals, and the Law, Jules Coleman, (in Library)

 

Needs, Rights, and the Market, David Levine, 1988 Lynne Rienner Publishers

 

Articles on Drug Testing in Managerial Dilemmas, Alan F. Westin and John D. Aram "Testing Employees for Substance Abuse"

 

Papers on Corp Takeovers, "On Regulating Corporate Takeovers: Small May not be beautiful, but bigger is not nec better, John R. Danley, School of Humanities, Dep of Philo Souther Illinois Univ at Edwardsville, and "Tender Offers: An Ethical Perspective" by John Boatright Philosophy Joun Carrol Univ and "Corp Restructuring and employee Interests: The Tin Parachute" by Dian Robertson, The Warton School of Univ of Penn

Contemporary Philosophy, Vol 1

 

The Clean Yield, Journal on ethical investing

 

Industrial Democracy, Dickman

 

The Morality of the Market,: Rel and Economic perspectives, ed. Walter Block and "Geoffrey Brennan

 

Moralty and Marketplace, Brian Griffitghs

 

Managerial Dilemmas, Alan Westin and John Aram (Has chapter on Testing Employees for Substance Abuse: Individual Privacy vs Organizational Responsibility

 

Modern Corporation and Private Property, Adolf Berle and Gardiner Means, 193.

 

Philosophy of Money, Georg Simmel

 

Profit and Responsibility, ed.? D'andrade and Werhane, 1985.

 

In Defense of the Corporation, R. Hessen (argues that corp have natural rights to operate).

 

Gertrude Ezorsky, Moral Rights in the Workplace, SUNY 1987 (In Library) (Good section on Meaningful work.)

 

 

 

Richard Luppke, Radical Business Ethics, Rowman and Littlefield 1995.

 

Newburry and Gladwin, “Shell and Nigerian Oil” a Case Study” in Tom Donaldson and Pat Werhane, Ethical Issues in Business 6th edition (I have).

 

 

ETHICS OF CONSUMPTION

 

“The Ethics of Consumption,” No Dogs or Philosophers allowed, Instructional Video with David Crocker, Lisa Newton and Judith Lichtenberg.

 

Juliet Schor Clothes Encounters (October 2004) and Born to Buy: The Commercialized Child and the New Consumer Culture, Scribner 2004)

 

David Crocker and Toby Linden, The Ethics of Consumption Rowman and Littlefield, 1997 (564 pages)

 

Technology and the Good Life by Eric Higgs (Editor), Andrew Light (Editor), David Strong 2000. Davis Baird thinks this is good. Reviewed in EE fall 2003. Possibly good says Ned: Intro by Higgs, Light, Strong, or Durbin’s short phil of tech retro and prospective views?? Or Thomas Power’s article “Trapped in Consumption: modern Social Structure and the Entrenchment of the Devise” (really about how economy traps people in consumption)

 

“Ethics of Seeing: consuming Environments” Ethics and the Environment 9,2 Fall/Winter 2004 includes “‘You belong Outside’: Advertising, Nature and the SUV”; papers by communications professors.

 

Cafaro, Philip, "Less is More: Economic Consumption and the Good Life." Philosophy Today 42(1998): 26-39. We should judge economic consumption on whether it improves or detracts from our lives, and act on that basis. The issue of consumption is placed in the context of living a good life, in order to discuss its justifiable limits. Two important areas of our economic activity, food consumption and transportation, are examined from an eudaimonist perspective. From the perspective of our enlightened self-interest, we see that when it comes to economic consumption, less is more. Not always, and not beyond a certain minimum level. But often, less is more; especially for the middle and upper class members of wealthy industrial societies. This is the proper perspective from which to consider environmentalists' calls for limiting consumption in order to protect nature. (v.9,#3)

Dale Jamieson, Companion to Environmental Philosophy, Blackwell Publishing 2001, includes

34. Consumption: Mark Sagoff (Institute For Philosophy and Publc Policy).

 

http://www.swt.org/

http://www.timesizing.com/

www.freetimeday.org

http://www.pbs.org/kcts/affluenza/

 

Duane Elgin, Voluntary Simplicity, 1981.

 

Redefining Progress, voluntary simplicity, Atlantic Monthly.

 

Dr. David E. Shi The Simple Life: Plain Living and High Thinking in American Culture (1985)

 

Robin and Dominguez, Your Money Or Your Life

 

The Ethics of Waste: How We Relate to Rubbish by Gay Hawkins Nov 2004 Rowman and Littlefield

 

Sharing Nature's Interest : Ecological Footprints as an Indicator of Sustainability by Nicky Chambers, Craig Simmons, Mathis Wackernage 2001 Earthscan Pubns Ltd; ISBN: 1853837393

 

Affluenza: The All-Consuming Epidemic by John De Graaf, David Wann, Thomas H. Naylor, Redefining Progress 2001 Berrett-Koehler ; ISBN: 1576751511

 

 

By John de Graaf, Editor, Take Back Your Time: Fighting Overwork & Time Poverty In America

 

In office of media and technology, 2nd floor Ed. Ctr get Affluenza video and “Escape from Affluenza”

 

Graceful Simplicity: Toward a Philosophy and Politics of Simple Living by Jerome M. Segal, © 1999 by Jerome M. Segal. Published by Henry Holt and Company LLC.

 

http://www.puaf.umd.edu/IPPP/spring_summer99/simple_creatures.htm

 

Radically simple video from bullfrog films.

 

Segal, Consumer Expenditures and the Growth of Need-Required Income in Crocker, eds, Ethics of Consumption

 

Paul Wachtel, Alternatives to the Consumer Soceity, in Crocker, eds, Ethics of Consumption

 

 

 John De Graff: Turbocapitalism, Robert Franks, Winner Take All Society

 

 

Mark Sagoff, “Do we consume too much?” Atlantic Monthly and reply by Paul Ehrlich et al.n I have the Sagoff in Westra/Werhand, The business of consumption. I have copy too. He argues that it is a fallacy to think we are running out of resources–lots of stats and facts supporting, but too much not much analysis; same old economics doesn’t address env. issue here, but moral reasons support claim consume too much. http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/97jun/consume.htm

Ehrilich’s reply is at (and I have) http://www.theatlantic.com/issues/97dec/enviro.htm

 

Laura Westra and Patricia Werhane, The Business of Consumption: Environmental Ethics and the Global Economy Rowman and Littlefield Sept 1998.

 

 

A.L. Hammond, ‟Limits to Consumption and Economic Growth: The Middle Ground,” Philosophy and Public Policy, 15,4 (1995): 9-12.

 

 

"The Ethics of Consumption," Report from the Institute of Philosophy and Public Policy (QQ) 15, 4. I have.

 

 

Business and the Environment

 

Business and the Environment: A reader, 1996 Richard Welford and Richard Starkey, Taylor and Francis.

 

Holmes Rolston, "Environmental Protection and an Equitable International Order: Ethics after the Earth Summit," Business Ethics Quarterly 5(1995):735-752.

 

Holmes Rolston, "Just Environmental Business." Chapter 11, pages 324-359, in Tom Regan, ed., Just Business: New Introductory Essays in Business Ethics (New York: Random House, 1984). Also published in Philosophy Gone Wild. Reprinted in Dale Westphal and Fred Westphal, eds., Planet in Peril: Essays in Environmental Ethics (Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace College Publishers, 1994), pp. 149-170. Download/print in PDF format, 1.1 mb. Available at:

http://lamar.colostate.edu/~hrolston/just-env-business.pdf

 

 

Rogene Buchholz, Principles of Environmental Management: The Greening of Business, 2nd ed. Prentice Hall, 1998.

 

Stephan Schmidheiny, Changing Course: A Global Business Perspective on Development and The Environment (Cambridge, MA: MIT press). Reilly told his staff if read only one book this year this should be it. Has executive summary comes with hardcover edition (ISEE 3,3, p. 18.)

 

W. Michael Hoffman, et al., eds., The Corporation, Ethics, and the Environment (New York: Quorum Books, 1990).

 

Norman Bowie, "Morality, Money, and Motor Cars"

 

Holmes Rolston, "Just Environmental Business," in Philosophy Gone Wild (Buffalo: Prometheus, 1986).

 

Michael McCloskey, "Customers as Environmentalists" 1989.

 

"Waste and the Environment," The Economist, May 29, 1993: 3-18.

 

 

 

ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS (and env. and business) Business and environment

 

Paul Hawken, “Natural Capitalism,” Mother Jones 22,2 (1997): 40-52. (Student used seemed quite good).

 

Victor Wallis, “Socialism, Ecology, and Democracy: Towards a strategy of conversion,” Monthly Review 44, 2 (1992): 1-23.

 

Mark Sagoff, “Can we put a price on Nature’s Services?” in QQ Summer 1997. I have.

 

On employment, jobs, and env.: Frederick Buttel, Charles Geisler and Irving Wiswall, eds. Labor and the Environment (Greenwood press, 1984).

 

Joel Makower, John Elkington and Julia Mailes, The Green Consumer 1990?

Robert Costanza and Herman Daly, “Natural Capital and Sustainable Development,” Conservation Biology 6, 1 (1992): 37-46.

 

A Markandya and J Richardson, Environmental Economics: A Reader, 1992 In library.

 

Andrew Kernohan, "Rights against Polluters," Env. Ethics 17,3, 1995.

 

Alan Strudler, "Valuing Nature: Assessing Damages for Oil Spills," QQ 15,1, 1995. Contingent valuing?

 

Snorre Kverndokk, "Tradeable CO2 Emission Permits: Initial Distirbution as a Justice Problem," Environmental Values 4,2, 1995.

 

Rajaram Krishnan, et al., A Survey of Ecological Economics (1995, Island Press).

 

R. Repetto, "Balance-Sheet Erosion: How to Account for the Loss of Natural Resources," International Env. Affairs 1, pp103-137, 1989.

 

from Rob Handfield

 

"The Challenge of Going Green," Harvard Bus Review July/Aug 1994.

 

Adam Jaffe, et al., "Environmental Regulation and the Competitiveness of US Manufacturing: What Does the evidence Tells us?" Journal of Economic Literature (forthcoming as of 1994).

 

Paul Hawken, The Ecology of Commerce: A Declaration of Sustainability (Harper Business, 1993). In library. I have.

 

Michael Porter, "America's Green Strategy," Scientific American (April 1991): 168.

 

Faye Rice, "Who Scores Best on the Environment," Fortune July 26, 1993.

 

Noah Walley and Bradley Whitehead, "It's Not easy Being Green," Harvard Business REview May-June, 1994: 46-52.

 

end rob

 

Joel Markower, The E Factor (Times Books, 1993).

 

J Martomez-Alier, "The Envrionment as a luxury good or "too poor to be green"? Ecological Economics 13 (1995) 1-10. I have.

 

Mark Sagoff, "Four Dogmas of Environmental Economics," Environmental Values 3 (1994): 285-310). I have.

 

Environmental and Resource Economics (journal) from Kluwer Vol 1 1990, incredibly expensive.

 

"Authentic Wealth," Orion Summer 93, articles by Tom Power and Mark Sagoff.

 

"Green Economics," The Economist June 24, 1989: 48.

 

Durwood Zaelke, et. al, eds. Trade and the Environment Island press 1993. I have.

 

Douglas Yu, "Free Trade is Green, Protectionism Is Not," Conservation Biology 8,4, Dec 1994: 989.

 

Herman Daly, "The Perils of Free Trade," 41-57, J. Bhgwati, "The Case for Free trade,"42-48 Scientific American 269 1993.

 

GH Brundtland, "Growth is Good," Mother Jones 15, p. 48 1990.

 

The Arm Chair Economist

 

Herman Daly, Boundless Bull, Text p. 345. (And other arguments in V.C. of Text)

 

Sandra Postel's, "Toward a New Eco-nomics" Worldwatch Sept./Oct 1990) photocopy packet pp. 69-77.

 

William K. Reilly, "The Green Thumb of Capitalism: The Environmetal Benefits of Sustainable Growth," Policy Review Fall 1990. I have.

 

W. Michael Hoffman, et al., eds, The Corporation, Ethics, and the Environment (New York: Quorum Books, 1990). In Library.

 

Rogene A. Bucholtz, "Corporate Responsibility and the Good Society: From Economics to Ecology," Business Horizons 34,4 (1991): 19-31.

 

James Post, "Managing as if the Earth Mattered," Business Horizons 34,4 (1991): 32-38.

 

"Business and the Environment" a special issue of Business Horizons 35,2, March/April 1992.

 

Wendell Berry, "Conservation is Good Work," Amicus 14,1 (Winter 92) (on importance of using consumer buying power in favor of conservation.)

 

Articles in Science 260 (25 June 1993) on "Environment and the Economy" (I have) including

            -"Protecting the Environment with the Power of the market"

            "Is Environmental Technology a Key to a Healthy Economy"

            "Wetlands Trading is a Loser's Game, Say Ecologists"

            "Can Sustainable Farming Win the Battle of the Bottom Line?"

            "How to Make the Forests of the World Pay their Way"

 

Charles Dibona, "Assessing Environmental Damage," Issues in Science and Technology 9,1 Fall 1992 and lots of letters to editor on this in same journal 9,2, Winter 92-93. I have. Dibona's article criticizes oil spill regulations that would include non-use value in damage awards. (Shadow pricing.)

 

J. Harris, 1991, "The Challenge of Teaching Environmental Economics" unpublished. See David Orr article below.

 

David Orr, "The Economics of Conservation," Conservation Biology 5,4, Dec 1991. I have.

 

John Thompson, The Environmental Entrepreneur, Where to Find the Profit in Saving the Earth. (I have)

 

Christopher and Judith Plant, ed., Green Business: Hope or Hoax? (I have)

 

"Clive Splish, "Economics, Ethics, and Long-Term Env. Damages" EE 15,2 Summer 1993. (looks so, so, on future gen and compensation)

 

Paul Steidlmeier, "The Morality Of Pollution Permits" Environmental Ethics 15,2 Summer 1993.

 

Steven Edwards, "In Defense of Environmental Economics," EE 9, 1987,:73. and Sagoff response in later issue.

 

Business and Society Review, 67, Fall 1988, pp. 10-17 ("The american forest: garden of eden or logger's paradise?" "Privatization means Profit and Preservation; "Privitization: The Seed of Greed.")

 

Hazel Henderson, The Politics of the Solar Age: Alternatives to Economics, 1988.

 

Bruce Leigh, "How Green is your Company?" International Management 44, Jan 89,

 

Jay Hair, "Expanding the Corporate Role in Env. Protection." International Wildlife 15 Jan/Feb 1985, p. 25.

 

Collin Clark, "Clear-Cut Economies: Should we Harvest Everything Now?," The Sciences, Jan/Feb 89, 17-19. I have.

 

Robert Repetto, "Accounting for Environmental Assets," Scientific American 266 (#6, June: 94-100. (Country can cut down its forest erode its soils, pollute its aquifers, cause extinction but measured income not affected as these assets disappear; impoverishment is taken as progress.)

 

Ecological Economics, The Journal of the International Society for Ecological Economics, ed. by Robert Costanza, Herman Daly, DW Pearce. I have title page.

 

Herman Daly, Steady State Economics, (San Francisco: WH Freeman and Company, 1977). and Herman Daly, Steady State Economics, Second Edition, (Island Press, 1991). (In library)

 

Herman Daly and Kenneth Townsend, Valuing the Earth, Economics, Ecology, Ethics, 1993. (I have) includes Garrett Hardin on "Second Thoughts on Tragedy of Commons" C.S. Lewis' "The Abolition of Man" concerns man's victory over nature, Boulding on Economics of Spaceship Earth, Daly on Imposs of sustainable growth, and Econ incentives to maintain our env., Daly from his book "Steady State Economy"

 

Robert Costanza, ed. 1991, Ecological Economics: The Science and Management of Sustainability (Columbia Univ. Press).

 

Colin Clark, "The Economics of Overexploitation," Science 181 (1974): 630-634. (on how tragedy of commons applies to private land too.)

 

Daniel Fife, "Killing the Goose," Environment 13 (1971): 0-7. (on how tragedy of commons applies to private land too.)

In " and Baden, Managing the Commons (in library)

 

Allen V. Kneese and JL Sweeney eds, Handbook of Natural Resource and Energy Economics, includes "Ethics and Environmental Economics" by Kneese and William Schulze.

 

Herman Daly's and John Cobb's, For the Common Good

Herman Daly, "Economics and Sustainability: In Defense of a Steady State Economy" in Michael Tobias, ed. Deep Ecology

 

Daniel Decker and Gary Goff, ed., Valuing Wildlife, Economic and Social Perspectives (Westview Press, 1987). (Callicott has an article in there called "The Philosophical Value of Wildlife). (In library at Marine Lab.)

 

 

David Pearce, "Green Economics" Environmental Values, Vol 1,1 SP 92. (I have)

 

Terr Anderson and Donald Leal, Free Market Environmentalism (Westview, 1991)

 

Michael Zimmerman, J. Baird Callicott, Karen J. Warren, and John Clarke, eds. Environmental Philosophy: From Animal Rights to Radical Ecology, second edition. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1998. This second edition of a popular anthology expands edition one (1993) with two new essays on environmental ethics, a section on political ecology, social ecology, including essays on free market environmentalism, sustainable development, liberal environmentalism, socialist environmentalism, bioregionalism, ecotage. (v9,#1)

 

Eckersley, Robyn, "Free Market Environmentalism: Friend or Foe?", Environmental Politics 2(1993):1-19. "Free market environmentalism" proposes that environmental problems can be solved by creating and enforcing tradeable property rights in respect of common environmental assets. But while the market can allocate resources efficiently, it cannot by itself perform the task of setting an optimal (in the sense of just) distribution of income nor an optimal (in the sense of sustainable scale) of the economy relative to the ecosystem. There are certain specific environmental problems where "free market environmentalism" may prove to be the most appropriate solution (it can, for example, promote energy efficiency through market mechanisms), but it is inappropriate as a blanket solution to the ecological crisis. This calls for economic policies concerned with three broad goals: economic efficiency, social justice and ecological sustainability. Eckersley is in politics at Monash University, Australia. A useful response by Michael Jacobs (University of Lancaster, UK) is in the Winter 1993 issue, vol. 2, no. 4. (v5,#4)

 

F. Herbert Bormann and Stephen Kellert, eds., Ecology, Economics, Ethics: The Broken Circle, Yale U. Press, 1991. Ordered I have. Including articles by Wilson, Ehrenfeld on Conservation Paradox (active management often reduces diversity), Wes Jackson's "Nature as Measure for a Sustainable Agriculture", "The Dimensions of the Pesticide Question" "Groundwater" "Incentives for Conservation", and Thomas Eisner, "Chemical Prospecting"

 

REVERSE DISCRIMINATION

Edwin C. Hettinger, "What is Wrong with Reverse Discrimination?" Business and Professional Ethics Journal 6, no. 3 (Fall 1987): 39-55.

 

Richard Wasserstrom, "Preferential Treatment, Color-Blindness and the Evils of Racism and Discrimination," in APA Presential Addresses, Supplement to Proceedings and Addressess of APA, Volume 61,#1.

 

Equal Opportunity, Norman Bowie (Westview Press, 1988) (ordered)

 

Dworkin, DeFunis v. Sweatt

 

Charles Murray(?) (Richard Nunan), "Affirmative Racism"

 

Davidson, Julie. "Sustainable Development: Business as Usual or a New Way of Living?" Environmental Ethics 22 (2000): 25-42.

 

Rosenthal, Sandra B., and Rogene A. Buchholz. "Bridging Environmental and Business Ethics: A Pragmatic Framework." Environmental Ethics 20 (1998): 393-408.