Possible definitions of art

Account for first art?

Account for avant guard art?

Account for new artforms and genres (e.g., jazz photography)



            Family resemblance


Not ready-mades




Radical stipulativism Experts arbitrary decisions decide






Aes functionalism Art if intended for aes experience of aes properties


No; can’t account for art that lacks or rejects aes properties

Yes (doesn’t require reference to established art



Institutional theory Artist created it to be presented to artworld

No as no art institution back then

Yes; allows for found and ready-made art




Historicism Art if properly related to its artistic predecessors

No as no predecessors

No as this art often aims to reject the tradition

No as historically unprecedented genres not so relate