HETTINGER'S AESTHETICS BIBLIOGRAPHY
(MAINLY ENV. AESTHETICS)


The Beauty of the Environment. By Yrjö Sepänmaa 1986/1992: Positive aesthetics discussion on p. 106.

Frank Sibley, "Objectivity and Aesthetics" Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, supplementary volume 42 1968, reprinted in Sibley's Approaches to Aesthetics, 2001

Ethics, Place & Environment 1 to 9 of 9

Publisher: Routledge, part of the Taylor & Francis Group

Issue: Volume 8, Number 2 / June 2005

Thomas Heyd

The aesthetic appreciation of nature, scientific objectivity, and the standpoint of the subjugated: Anthropocentrism reimagined pp. 235 - 250



Real Beauty Eddy M. Zemach 1997 Philosophy - Aesthetics

Paperback: $21.95 SH | 0-271-02495-X Aesthetics has typically been regarded as an arena where claims about truth cannot be made as questions about art seem to involve more matters of taste than knowledge. In Real Beauty, however, Eddy Zemach maintains that beauty, ugliness, gracefulness, gaudiness, and similar aesthetic properties are real features of public things and argues that whether these features are present is a matter of fact that can be empirically investigated. By examining the opposing nonrealistic views of Subjectivism, Noncognitivism, and Relativism, Zemach attempts to show how anti-realistic interpretations of art generate absurd results and leave the realistic reading as the only cogent semantic interpretation of aesthetic statements.





Ned Hettinger, "Allen Carlson's Environmental Aesthetics and the Protection of the Environment," Environmental Ethics 27, 1 (Spring 2005): 57-76.



Experience as Art: Aesthetics in Everyday Life Joseph H. Kupfer (1993)



Brittan, Jr., Gordon G., "Wind, energy, landscape: reconciling nature and technology," Philosophy and Geography 4 (No. 2, 2001): 169-184. Despite the fact that they are in most respects environmentally benign, electricity-generating wind turbines frequently encounter a great deal of resistance. Much of this resistance is aesthetic in character; wind turbines somehow do not "fit" in the landscape. On one (classical) view, landscapes are beautiful to the extent that they are "scenic", well-balanced compositions. But wind turbines introduce a discordant note, they are out of "scale". On another (ecological) view, landscapes are beautiful if their various elements form a stable and integrated organic whole. But wind turbines are difficult to integrate into the biotic community; at least in certain respects, they are like "weeds". Moreover, there is a reason why the 100-meter, three bladed wind turbines now favored by the industry cannot very well be accommodated to any landscape view. They are, as Albert Borgmann would put it, characteristic of contemporary technology, distanced "devices" for the production of a commodity rather than "things" with which one can engage. It follows that the only way in which the aesthetic resistance to wind turbines can be overcome is to make them more "thing-like". One such "thing-like" turbine is discussed. Brittan is Regent's Professor of Philosophy at Montana State University. (P&G)



Rolston, Holmes, III 1995. "Does Aesthetic Appreciation of Landscapes Need to be Science-Based?" British Journal of Aesthetics 35 (4), pp. 374-386.



--Loftis, J. Robert, "Three Problems for the Aesthetic Foundations of Environmental Ethics," Philosophy in the Contemporary World 10 (no. 2, Fall-Winter 2003):41-50. A critical look at aesthetics as the basis for nature preservation, presenting three reason why we should not rely on aesthetic foundations to justify the environmentalist program. First, a comparison to other kinds of aesthetic value shows that the aesthetic value of nature can provide weak reason for action at best. Second, not everything environmentalists want to protect has positive aesthetic qualities. Attempts have been made to get around this problem by developing a reformist attitude towards natural aesthetics. These approaches fail. Third, development can be as aesthetically positive as nature. If it is simply beauty we are looking for, why can't the beauty of a well-constructed dam or a magnificent skyscraper suffice? Loftis is in philosophy, University of Alabama. Available at: http://it.stlawu.edu/~rlof/loftis_(2003)_three_problems.pdf



Volume 6 Number 2/August 2003 of Philosophy & Geography is now available on the Taylor & Francis web site at http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com.

Shannon Kincaid

URL of article: http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/link.asp?id=QKL4314KXQ7NWUMW

Bebop as historical actuality, urban aesthetic, and critical utterance

p. 153



Lee, Keekok, "Beauty for Ever?" Environmental Values 4(1995):213- 225. Keekok Lee, Beauty for ever, EV 4,3 aesthetic value is associated with pleasre and hedonistic, nathroponcentriv valuing of nature, says Emily Brady.



Edwin Dobb, "Reality Check: The Debate Behind the Lens," Audubon 100, 1 Jan-Feb 98: 44- The truth about photography.



J. Douglas Porteous, Environmental Aesthetics: Ideas, Politics and Planning Routledge 1996 Prof of geography U. of Victoria. I have.



Tony Lynch, "Deep Ecology as an Aesthetic Movement," Env. Values 5: 147-60.



Chappell, T. D. J. Chappell, ed., The Philosophy of the Environment. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1997, and New York: Columbia University Press, 1997. 194 pages. Our library has full text online edition. Hepburn, Ronald W., "Trivial and Serious in Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature," pp. 65-77. Haldane, John, "`Admiring the High Mountains': The Aesthetics of Environment," pp. 78-88.





Holmes Rolston, "From Beauty to Duty: Aesthetics of Nature and Environmental Ethics." Pages 127-141 in Arnold Berleant, eds., Environment and the Arts: Perspectives on Environmental Ethics (Aldershot, Hampshire, UK and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2002) Introduction: Art, environment and the shaping of experience, Arnold Berleant; Data and theory in aesthetics: philosophical understanding and misunderstanding, Ronald W. Hepburn; The two aesthetic cultures: the great analogy of art and the environment, Yrjö Sepänmaa; Art and nature: the interplay of works of art and natural phenomena, Arto Haapala; Nature appreciation and the question of aesthetic relevance, Allen Carlson; Embodied metaphors, Kaia Lehari; Urban richness and the art of building, Pauline von Bonsdorff; Front yards, Kevin Melchionne; Aesthetics, ethics and the natural environment, Emily Brady From beauty to duty: aesthetics of nature and environmental ethics, Holmes Rolston; Embodied music Arnold Berleant; Dot.com Dot.edu: technology and environmental aesthetics in Japan, Barbara Sandrisser Environmental directions for aesthetics and the arts, Yuriko Saito; Index.



Volume 4, Number 1 (dated February 2001) of: Philosophy and Geography; On aesthetically appreciating human environments 9 - 24 Allen Carlson;



Allen Carlson, On Appreciating Agricultural landscapes, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, Spring 1985



Holmes Rolston, "Aesthetic Experience in Forests" Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 56(1998):157-166. Download/print in PDF format, 792 kb. Address at The Aesthetics of the Forest, Second International Conference on Landscape Aesthetics,Lusto, Punkaharju, Finland. June 1996.



Holmes Rolston, "Landscape from Eighteenth Century to the Present." Pages 93-99, volume 3, in Michael Kelley, ed., Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998).



Holmes Rolston, "Aesthetics in the Swamps," Perspectives in Biology and Medicine (University of Chicago; Johns Hopkins University) 43(2000):584-597. Download/print in PDF format, 783 kb.



Holmes Rolston, "Beauty and the Beast: Aesthetic Appreciation of Wildlife," in D. J. Decker and G. Goff, Valuing Wildlife Resources: Economic and Social Perspectives (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1987), pp. 187- 207. Download/print in PDF format, 515 kb. Also published in The Trumpeter (Canada) 3, no. 3 (Summer 1986):29-34.



Holmes Rolston, "From Beauty to Duty: Aesthetics of Nature and Environmental Ethics." Pages 127-141 in Arnold Berleant, eds., Environment and the Arts: Perspectives on Environmental Ethics (Aldershot, Hampshire, UK and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2002). Download/print in PDF format, 861 kb.



Holmes Rolston, "Aesthetic Experience in Forests." Reprinted in Peter C. List, ed., Environmental Ethics and Forestry: A Reader (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2000), pages 80-92. Download/print in PFD format, 792 kb. Originally in Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 56(1998):157-166.



Dickie, Introduction to Aesthetics Oxford University Press

Melzer et al, eds. Democracy and the Arts (quite interesting) Cornell U. Press 0-8014-3541-2



Carroll, Theories of Art Today, Univ of Wisconsin Press

Goldblatt and Brown, Aesthetics: A reader in Philosophy of the Arts, 1997, good, Prentice Hall.

Neil and Ridley, McGraw-Hill, Philosophy of art

Arguing about art.McGraw-Hill,

Korsmeyer, Aesthetics The big questions Blackwell

Cooper, A companion to Aesthetics Blackwell

Cooper, Aesthetics: The Classic Readings

Michael Kelly, Ed. Encyclopedia of Aesthetics Oxford University Press



Allen Carlson, Aesthetics and the Environment: The Appreciation of Nature, Art and Architecture (New York: Routledge, 2000).



Jerrold Levinson,Aesthetics and Ethics: Essays at the Intersection, Cambridge 1998.



Cheryl Foster, "Restoring Nature in American culture: An Env. Aes Perspective" in Paul Gobster and Bruce Hull eds., Restoring Nature: Perspectives from the Humanities and Social Sciences (Island Press, 2000)



Karl Zinsmeister, "When Art Becomes Inhuman"



on relation aes and ethics

James C. Anderson and Jeffrey Dean 1988, Moderate Autonomism, British Journal of Aes 38 ,1 April I haved Also Carroll's response, I have too.



Noel Carroll 1996, Moderate Moralism, British Journal of Aesthetics 36,3 July



Marcia Eaton, 1997, Aesthetics: The Mother of Ethics? Journal of Aes and Art Criticism 55 4



Berys Gaut, The Ethical Criticism of Art" in Levinson Aesthetics and Ethics, Cambridge 1998 defends this type of criticism strongly



Here's the reference:

Michael Slote, ""The Rationality of Aesthetic Value Judgments,"" Journal of

Philosophy, 68, 821-839, 1971.

Of course, I don't believe the thesis (objectivity in aesthetics) for a second. But he provides the

best argument I've seen.

shaun



Noel Carroll, "Art and Ethical Criticism: An Overview of Recent Directions of Research," Ethics 110 (2000), pp. 350-387. I have



Jeffrey Dean, Aesthetics and Ethics: The state of the Art , From Aesthetics on line, 22,2 Fall 2002 I have



Howard Radist and Aes and Ethics



Danto, Philosophizing Art U of Calif press



Carroll, Philosophy of Horror (weird) Routledge



Danto, After the End of Art Princeton



Michael Kelly, Ed. Encyclopedia of Aesthetics Oxford University Press



Noel Carroll, Philosophy of Art: A Contemporary Introduction Routledge 1999, 224, 18.99



Jerrold Levinson, Aesthetics and Ethics: Essays at the Intersection, Cambridge 1998.



John Fisher, Reflecting on Art Hugh text

Yasmina Reza,, Art Hugh text



Joyce Carpenter (in 1993)

Battim et al., Puzzles about Art: An Aesthetics Casebook (Hugh too)

Alperson, The Philosophy of the Visual Arts



Marcia Eaton, Basic Issues in Aesthetics



Roman Bonzon, "Aesthetic Objectivity and the Ideal Observer Theory," British Journal of Aesthetics, 39,3 July 1999.



Stephen Davies, Rock versus Classical Music, JAAC 57,2 Spring 1999.



Ted Cohen, "High and Low Art and High and Low Audiences" JAAC 57, 2 Spring 1999.



Marcia Eaton, Aesthetics: The Mother of Ethics? JAAC 55, 4 Fall 1997.



Marcia Eaton, Where is the spear? The question of aesthetic relevance. British Journal of Aes

1992, vol 32 1-12.



Marcia Eaton, Aesthetics and the Good Life, Cranbury Associated Univ Press, 1989.



Merit, aesthetic and ethical / Marcia Muelder Eaton. In Library BH39 .E265 200 Oxford University Press, 2001.



Art and nonart : reflections on an orange crate and a moose call / Marcia Muelder Eaton.

Fairleigh Dickinson University Press ; London : Associated University Press, c1983.

C of C Stacks N71E21983



Neill and Ridleyk, eds., Arguing About Art: Contemporary Philosophical Debates, , New York, McGraw-Hill 1995.





Buford, "Beyond the Eye of the Beholder: Aesthetics and Objectivity" Michigan Law Review 1973 vol 73, pp. 1432-1463.





Aesthetics and Environment





Jonathan Maskit, Towards A Post-Industrial Environmental Aesthetics" Lecture at Denison spring 2006.



Marcia Eaton, in Merit, Aesthetic and Ethical had chapter on "Aesthetics and Ethics in the Environment"



Patricia Matthews "Scientific Knowledge and the Aes App of Nature," Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 60 (2002) 37-48. I have.



Glenn Parsons "Is the Aesthetic appreciation of Nature Objective?" I have

Don Crawford on above: "Parsons on the Objectivity of the Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature"



Stan Godlovitch, Aesthetic protectionism, Journal of Applied Philosophy 6,2 1989 pp. 171-181 I have.

Environmental experience: Beyond Aesthetic Subjectivism and objectivism, Veikko Rantalla, Thinkmount working paper serioes on Philosophy of conservation (I have)



Robert Stecker, "The Correct and the Appropriate in the Appreciation of Nature, The British Journal of Aesthetics 37: 1997: 393-403.



David Ferer (sp?), 'Aes App in the artworld and natural world" Env. Values 12 3-28, 2003.





Loftis' review of Carlson and Berleant's book.



Stan Godlovitch "Offending against nature," Env. Values 7, 1998



Marcia Eation, "Morality and Aesthetics: Contemporary Aesthetics and Ethics," in Encyclopedia of aesthetics / editor in chief, Michael Kelly. New York : Oxford University Press, 1998. Need to read



YiFuTan, Topophilia: A study of Env. Perception, Attitudes and Value Prentice Hall 1974.

Hepburn, Ronald 1984 Wonder and other Essays, includes Nature in the Light of Art, p. 47 where he says some parts of nature may be "irremediably inexpressive, unredeemably characterless, and aesthetically null".



S. Godlovitch, "Evaluating Nature Aesthetically" Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 56 (1998). I have Against positive aes: Just s there are rotten violinists, so there must be pathetic creeks; just as there is pulp fiction, so there must be junk species; just as there are forgettable means, so there must be inconsequential forests."



Cheryl Foster, "Aesthetic Disillusionment: Environment, Ethics, Art" Env. Values 1,3 1992. (I have) Need to read





Record 1 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: Rethinking Nature: Essays in Environmental Philosophy

AU: Foltz,-Bruce-V (ed); Frodeman,-Robert (ed)

PB: Indiana-Univ-Pr : Bloomington, 2004

IB: 0253217024

AB: This book brings the voices of leading Continental philosophers into discussion about what is emerging as one of our most pressing and timely concerns--the environmental crisis facing our planet. The essays featured in this volume embrace environmental philosophy in its broadest sense and include topics such as environmental ethics, environmental aesthetics, ontology, theology, gender and the environment, and the role of science and technology in forming knowledge about our world. Here, philosophy goes out into the field and comes back with rich insights and new approaches to environmental problems. (publisher, edited)

DE: ENVIRONMENT-; NATURE-; PHENOMENOLOGY-; PHILOSOPHY-; SCIENCE-

LA: English

DT: Monograph

AN: 1784210



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Record 2 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: Aesthetic Appreciation in the Artworld and in the Natural World

AU: Fenner,-David-E-W

SO: Environmental-Values. F 03; 12(1): 3-28.

IS: 0963-2719

AB: In this paper, I explore some parallels and dissimilarities between aesthetic appreciation that takes as its focus art objects and that which focuses on natural objects. I cover three areas. The first deals with general approach, whether a paradigm of engagement is more appropriate to environmental aesthetics than one of detachment and disinterest. The second theme is about preservation and whether the appropriate model is static or dynamic. The final theme is about environmental criticism and the application of aesthetic theory to arguments for preservation.

DE: AESTHETICS-; APPRECIATION-; ART-; ENVIRONMENT-; ETHICS-; NATURE-

LA: English

DT: Journal-Article

AN: 1708410



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Record 3 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: "Environmental Aesthetics" in The Oxford Handbook of Aesthetics, Levinson, Jerrold (ed), 667-678

AU: Fisher,-John-A

PB: Oxford-Univ-Pr : Oxford, 2003

AB: This entry sketches the aesthetics of nature from the perspective of environmentalism. It analyzes the following: (a) the notion that the aesthetic value of nature justifies preservation; (b) questions about the nature of that aesthetic value, whether wild nature has a greater aesthetic value than a formally similar artificial counterpart, and whether all of nature is equally beautiful; (c) whether there is a correct way to aesthetically appreciate nature, and whether that way requires knowledge of science; (d) whether art related to nature, such as gardens, nature photography and earth art can represent or reflect nature's actual aesthetic qualities.

DE: AESTHETICS-; ENVIRONMENT-; NATURE-

PS: CARLSON,-A

LA: English

DT: Contribution

AN: 1713552

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Record 4 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: Adorno and Heidegger Inside/Outside Postmodern Culture (in Slovenian)

AU: Paetzold,-Heinz

SO: Filozofski-Vestnik. 2002; 23(1): 147-161.

IS: 0353-4510

AB: None of the notions at the heart of the postmodern--differend, simulacrum, irony, pastiche, multiple coding, the sublime, ambiguity--derive from Heidegger or Adorno. Both stamped, however, postmodern culture. Heidegger and Adorno give access to environmental aesthetics. Both stained critical regionalism as defensible posture in architecture theory. Heidegger inspired the concept of weak being (Vattimo) supporting an aesthetics of oscillation. Although we may not subsume Adorno under an aesthetics of the sublime, Lyotard, yet, rearticulates a stance close to Adorno: both conceive art in terms of alluding to the absolute. Heidegger's and Adorno's relevance today consists in assisting or remapping of postmodernity. (edited)

DE: AESTHETICS-; AUTHENTICITY-; POSTMODERNISM-

PS: ADORNO,-T; HEIDEGGER

LA: Slovenian

DT: Journal-Article

AN: 1703042



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Record 5 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: Environment and the Arts: Perspectives on Environmental Aesthetics

AU: Berleant,-Arnold (ed)

RV: Fudge,-Robert

SO: Environmental-Values. F 04; 13(1): 121-123.

IS: 0963-2719

PB: Ashgate : Brookfield, 2002

DT: Book-Review

AN: 9037057



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Record 6 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: Environment and the Arts: Perspectives on Environmental Aesthetics

AU: Berleant,-Arnold (ed)

RV: Ground,-Ian

SO: British-Journal-of-Aesthetics. Jl 04; 44(3): 311-313.

IS: 0007-0904

PB: Ashgate : Brookfield, 2002

DT: Book-Review

AN: 9037922



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Record 7 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: "Environmental Aesthetics" in The Routledge Companion to Aesthetics, Gaut, Berys (ed), 423-436

AU: Carlson,-Allen

PB: Routledge : New York, 2001

AB: This entry in the reference work, The Routledge Companion to Aesthetics, overviews the area of environmental aesthetics. The chapter gives a brief history of the aesthetics of nature and outlines the subsequent development of the subfield of aesthetics now known as environmental aesthetics. It then traces some of the more recent developments in the field, summarizing and commenting on a number of different contemporary positions. Throughout the entry extensive reference is made to current literature in environmental aesthetics, which is cited in an attached bibliography.

DE: AESTHETICS-; ART-; ENVIRONMENT-

LA: English

DT: Contribution

AN: 1684729

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Record 8 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: Philosophy of the Arts: An Introduction to Aesthetics, Second Edition

AU: Graham,-Gordon

PB: Routledge : New York, 2000

IB: 0415235642

AB: Philosophy of the Arts is an expanded and updated new edition of this best-selling textbook. It presents a comprehensive and accessible introduction to those coming to aesthetics and the philosophy of art for the first time. Included in the second edition are new sections on digital music, artistic intention and environmental aesthetics and all other chapters have been thoroughly revised. (publisher, edited)

DE: AESTHETICS-; ART-; EMOTION-; MUSIC-; PLEASURE-

LA: English

DT: Monograph

AN: 1684399



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Record 9 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: The Narrative and the Ambient in Environmental Aesthetics

AU: Foster,-Cheryl

SO: Journal-of-Aesthetics-and-Art-Criticism. Spr 98; 56(2): 127-137.

IS: 0021-8529

DE: AESTHETICS-; ART-; ENVIRONMENT-; NARRATIVE-; NATURE-

PS: SIBLEY,-F

LA: English

DT: Journal-Article

AN: 1657875



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Record 10 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: Living in Glass Houses: Domesticity, Interior Decoration, and Environmental Aesthetics

AU: Melchionne,-Kevin

SO: Journal-of-Aesthetics-and-Art-Criticism. Spr 98; 56(2): 191-200.

IS: 0021-8529

AB: It is often observed--though not by aestheticians--that homemaking is a kind of art. I explain how we might think of ordinary domestic practice as an environmental art. I argue that the aesthetics of domesticity extends beyond the visual appearance of the home to encompass the very process of inhabiting it. Broadly conceived, the art of domesticity links two distinct, though usually inseparable, practices possessing environmental significance: first, the design of space (what the interior designer typically does), and second, the actual inhabiting and maintaining of space. I present a characterization of the practice of inhabiting, accentuating its aesthetic features.

DE: AESTHETICS-; BEAUTY-; DECORATION-; ENVIRONMENT-; NATURE-

PS: ABERCROMBIE,-S

LA: English

DT: Journal-Article

AN: 1657881



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Record 11 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: Some Theoretical Aspects of Environmental Aesthetics

AU: Godlovitch,-Stanley

SO: Journal-of-Aesthetic-Education. Wint 98; 32(4): 17-26.

IS: 0021-8510

DE: AESTHETICS-; ART-; ENVIRONMENT-; ETHICS-; EXPERIENCE-

LA: English

DT: Journal-Article

AN: 1664187



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Record 12 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: "Adorno's Notion of Natural Beauty: A Reconsideration" in The Semblance of Subjectivity, Huhn, Tom (ed), 213-235

AU: Paetzold,-Heinz

PB: MIT-Pr : Cambridge, 1997

AB: The article proposes a new approach to Adorno's notion of natural beauty. On the one hand Adorno is confronted with Derrida's 'method' of deconstruction. On the other hand recently developed environmental aesthetics is outlined. Explicit references are made to the German environmental aesthetics by G. Bohme and M. Seel. But the article argues that we have to go back again to Adorno in order to avoid shortcomings of deconstruction as well as environmental aesthetics. There are still convincing arguments to be found in Adorno's materialism and in his conviction that we can't play off art against nature even if nature is understood as environment.

DE: ART-; BEAUTY-; NATURE-

PS: ADORNO,-T

LA: English

DT: Contribution

AN: 1650348

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Record 13 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: From Aesthetic Education to Environmental Aesthetics

AU: Fischer,-Norman

SO: Clio-. Sum 96; 25(4): 365-391.

IS: 0884-2043

DE: AESTHETICS-; CRITICISM-; ENVIRONMENT-; ETHICS-; RESEARCH-

PS: SCHILLER

LA: English

DT: Journal-Article

AN: 1643305



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Record 14 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: The Transfiguration of the World into an Artwork: A Philosophical Foundation of Environmental Aesthetics

AU: Park,-Ynhui

SO: Journal-of-the-Faculty-of-Letters,-The-University-of-Tokyo,-Aesthetics. 1995; 20: 11-20.

IS: 0386-2593

AB: The paper argues that, given the global nature of environmental crisis due to ecological crisis, any environmental aesthetics can rest not on local and thus diverse principles, but the single philosophical foundation applicable to the entire earth. The foundation consists in seeing the earth as the work of art in the indefinite process of being continuously created throughout human history. Every element of nature, every human being, every human activity and every relation between their relations, would constitute as necessary components of man. It is only in the light of this global vision of the world that any specific aesthetic management of environment can be coherently undertaken. (edited)

DE: AESTHETICS-; ART-OBJECT; ECOLOGY-; ENVIRONMENT-; WORLD-

LA: English

DT: Journal-Article

AN: 1662775



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Record 15 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: Some Recent Work in Environmental Aesthetics (A Review of "The Aesthetics of Environment" and "The Aesthetics of Landscape")

AU: Haldane,-John

SO: Environmental-Values. Sum 94; 3(2): 173-182.

IS: 0963-2719

AB: Hitherto the philosophy of the environment has been largely the province of moral and social philosophy and has focussed on issues of rights and duties. However the primary mode of normative thought about nature is aesthetic and it is surprising therefore that so little has yet been written on environmental aesthetics. As these books testify, however, the situation is rapidly changing. Both works are useful contributions to this growing field.

DE: AESTHETICS-; ENVIRONMENT-; ETHICS-; NATURE-

PS: BERLEANT,-A; BOURASSA,-S

LA: English

DT: Journal-Article

AN: 1249154



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Record 16 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: THE BEAUTY OF ENVIRONMENT: A GENERAL MODEL FOR ENVIRONMENTAL AESTHETICS.

AU: SEPANMAA,-YRJO

PB: ACAD-SCI-FENNICA : HELSINKI, 1986

AB: THE GOAL IS AN ANALYTICAL OUTLINING OF THE FIELD OF ENVIRONMENTAL AESTHETICS: (1) "ONTOLOGICALLY", WHAT THE 'ENVIRONMENT WORLD' IS LIKE COMPARED TO THE ART WORLD (INSTITUTES THAT REGULATE MAKING, TRANSMISSION AND RECEPTION), AND (2) "METACRITICALLY", HOW THE ENVIRONMENT IS DESCRIBED, INTERPRETED AND EVALUATED, ESPECIALLY IN THE WORKS OF NATURALISTS AND ARCHITECTURAL CRITICS? FINALLY, PRACTICAL LINES OF ACTION FOR ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION AND LEGISLATION ARE DISCUSSED.

DE: AESTHETICS-; BEAUTY-; ENVIRONMENT-

LA: ENGLISH

DT: Monograph

AN: 1144436

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Record 17 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: RECONSIDERING THE AESTHETICS OF ARCHITECTURE.

AU: CARLSON,-ALLEN

SO: Journal-of-Aesthetic-Education. WINT 86; 20: 21-27.

IS: 0021-8510

AB: THIS ARTICLE ATTEMPTS TO BROADEN AND SOMEWHAT REDIRECT THE TRADITIONAL FOCUS OF THE AESTHETICS OF ARCHITECTURE, BY MEANS OF VIEWING THE AESTHETIC APPRECIATION OF ARCHITECTURE FROM AN ECOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE. WHEN SO CONSIDERED, ARCHITECTURAL AESTHETICS BECOMES A SUBDIVISION OF ENVIRONMENTAL AESTHETICS.

DE: AESTHETICS-; ARCHITECTURE-; ECOLOGY-; EDUCATION-

LA: ENGLISH

DT: Journal-Article

AN: 1146033



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Record 18 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: THE AESTHETICS OF THE HUMAN ENVIRONMENT" IN "PROCEEDINGS OF THE VIITH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF AESTHETICS, 1977", 345-348

AU: BERLEANT,-ARNOLD

PB: EDIT-ACAD-REPUB-SOC : ROMANIA, 1977

AB: ENVIRONMENTAL AESTHETICS SHARES WITH THE CONTEMPORARY ARTS A RECOGNITION OF THE IMPORTANCE OF THE PARTICIPATORY RESPONSE IN THE APPRECIATOR. AESTHETIC IDEAS THAT ELUCIDATE THESE ARTS, SUCH AS THE CONTINUITY BETWEEN ART AND LIFE, THE DYNAMIC CHARACTER OF ART, AND THE HUMANISTIC FUNCTIONALISM OF THE AESTHETIC ACT, OFFER THE POSSIBILITY OF OPENING THE WORLD TO FULL PERCEPTUAL AWARENESS AND SIGNIFICANCE. THESE CONCEPTS CAN BE APPLIED TO THE HUMAN ENVIRONMENT AS THE BROADEST CONTEXT OF AESTHETIC EXPERIENCE, AND THEY ENABLE US TO EXPLAIN AND CLARIFY THE AESTHETIC CHARACTER OF SPECIFIC ENVIRONMENTAL SITUATIONS.

DE: AESTHETICS-; ENVIRONMENT-

LA: ENGLISH

DT: Contribution

AN: 1075314

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Record 19 of 19 in The Philosopher's Index (1940-2005/06)

TI: ENVIRONMENTAL AESTHETICS AND THE DILEMMA OF AESTHETIC EDUCATION.

AU: CARLSON,-ALLEN

SO: Journal-of-Aesthetic-Education. AP 76; 10: 69-82.

IS: 0021-8510

DE: AESTHETICS-; ECOLOGY-; EDUCATION-; ENVIRONMENTALISM-; SOCIAL-CHANGE; VALUE-

LA: ENGLISH

DT: Journal-Article

AN: 1051199



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Begin Callicott's course syllabus: Environment: Aesthetics and Ethics



COURSE SYLLABUS

Philosophy 456/656 - Religious Studies 873

Forestry and Environmental Studies 456/888

The Environment: Aesthetics and Ethics

Spring Semester 2004-2005

Professor J. Baird Callicott, Ph.D.

Professor Stephen R. Kellert, Ph.D.

Eugene C. Hargrove, Foundations of Environmental Ethics (Prentice Hall /

Environmental Ethics Books, 1989)--ECH.

Allen Carlson and Arnold Berleant, editors, The Aesthetics of Natural Environments

(Broadview Press, 2004)--C&B

Aldo Leopold, A Sand County Almanac and Sketches Here and There (New York:

Oxford University Press, 1949)--AL

Selected photocopied course-packet material

RATIONALE

Derived from the Greek, aisthêsis (sense perception), the English word 'aesthetic'

connotes appreciative sensuous perception. As an area of philosophical study, aesthetics

is, with ethics, a part of axiology or value theory. In the 18th century, aesthetics was

considered to have two branches, natural aesthetics (the appreciative perception of

nature) and artifactual aesthetics (the appreciative perception of art). In the late 19th and

early to mid-20th centuries, natural aesthetics was eclipsed by artifactual aesthetics--so

much so that the leading forum for the field was named the Journal of Aesthetics and Art

Criticism (apparently without a concern that any objects of appreciative sensuous

perception were being neglected or left untheorized). With the emergence of

environmental philosophy in the last quarter of the 20th century, natural aesthetics or

environmental aesthetics was gradually revived--not only by philosophers but by

evolutionary ecologists and sociobiologists, such as E. O. Wilson, Gordian Orians, and

Stephen R. Kellert. The study of environmental aesthetics is important for many reasons,

among the most notable is that natural aesthetic considerations play a prominent role in

the establishment of national parks and wilderness areas and natural aesthetics lies at the

foundation of some theories of environmental ethics. This course will consider natural or

environmental aesthetics from the perspective of several disciplines: philosophy and

ethics, cultural geography, evolutionary biology and evolutionary sociology and

psychology (sociobiology).

Page 2

REQUIREMENTS

Term paper (15-20 pp, double-spaced)--50% course grade

Weekly 2-4 page critical commentaries on reading assignments--25% course grade

Participation in seminar discussion--25% course grade

SCHEDULE

Jan. 10

Overview / Introduction to course

Jan. 17/18

The aesthetics of nature and art

(5:30- 720)

Read: Carlson and Berleant, "Introduction: The Aesthetics of Nature"

(C&B pp. 11-42); Ronald Hepburn, "Contemporary Aesthetics and the

Neglect of Natural Beauty," (C&B pp. 43-62); Alan Carlson,

"Appreciation and the Natural Environment" (C&B pp. 63-75); Arnold

Berleant, "The Aesthetics of Art and Nature" (C&B pp. 76-88)

Jan. 24:

Aesthetics, Environmental values, and biophilia

Read: Stephen R. Kellert, Chs 1 & 3 Kinship to Mastery; Stephen R.

Kellert, "Biophilia" in Linkages (ms); Holmes Rolston, "Values in

Nature" Ch. 5 in Philosophy Gone Wild; E. O. Wilson, "The Right Place"

& "The Conservation Ethic" in Biophilia; Judith Heerwagen and Gordon

Orians, "Humans, Habitats, and Aesthetics," Ch. 4 in The Biophilia

Hypothesis; Roger Ulrich, "Biophilia, Biophobia, and Natural

Landscapes," Ch. 3 in The Biophilia Hypothesis; Albert Borgmann, "The

Nature of Reality and the Reality of Nature," Ch 3 in Reinventing Nature.

Jan. 31

Landscape painting / Landscape aesthetics

Read: Christopher Fitter, "Landscape from the Ancients to the

Seventeenth Century"; Holmes Rolston III, "Landscape from the

Eighteenth Century to the Present"; Allen C. Carlson, "Landscape

Assessment"; Stephen Ross, "Picturesque" all in Encyclopedia of

Aesthetics; Christopher Hussey, "The Prospect," "The Sublime, the

Beautiful, and the Picturesque" & "Picturesque Travel" Chs I, III, & IV in

The Picturesque: Studies in a Point of View,; Kenneth Clark "The

Landscape of Symbols," "The Landscape of Fact," "Ideal Landscape"

Chs. I, II, &IV in Landscape into Art.

Feb. 7

Aesthetics of wildlife

Read: Aldo Leopold, "The Geese Return," "Sky Dance," "Back from the

Argentine," "Red Lanterns," "65290," "On a Monument to the Pigeon,"

"Red Legs Kicking," "Thinking Like a Mountain," "Escudilla,"

"Clandeboye," 'The Ecological Conscience' in 'The Land Ethic" (all in

AL); Holmes Rolston, "Beauty and the Beast" Ch. 17 in Valuing Wildlife;

Stephen R. Kellert, "A Biocultural Basis for Valuing Wildlife" in

Pathways to Sustainability, Stephen R. Kellert, "Species," Ch. 5, The

Page 3

Value of Life; A. Evans and C. Bellamy, Chs. 5-6 in An Inordinate

Fondness for Beetles; José Ortega y Gasset, "Vacations from the Human

Condition," Ch. 9 in Meditations on Hunting.

Feb 14

K. BLOOMER, Yale adjunct professor of architecture

Feb. 21

Environmental aesthetics and ethics

Read: Eugene C. Hargrove, Foundations of Environmental Ethics

(Chapters 3, 4, &6, pp. 77-136 & 165-205); Stan Godlovitch,

"Icebreakers: Environmentalism and Natural Aesthetics" (C&B pp. 108-

126); Emily Brady, "Imagination and the Aesthetic Appreciation of

Nature" (C&B pp. 156-169); Marcia Muelder Eaton, "Fact and Fiction in

the Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature" (C&B pp. 170-181).

Feb. 28

Aesthetics, sense of place, and the built environment

Read: Wallace Stegner, Wendell Berry, et al., Ch. 7 in Our Land

Ourselves; Stephen R. Kellert, "Spirit of Place" in Linkages; Mark Sagoff,

"Settling America or the Concept of Place in Environmental Ethics"; René

Dubos, "Humanization of the Earth" & "Of Places, Parks, and Human

Nature," Chs. 5 & 7 in Wooing the Earth; Grant Hildebrand, Chs. 1-4 in

The Origins of Architectural Pleasure; Robert Pyle, "Eden in a Vacant

Lot," Ch. 12 in Children and Nature; Richard Nelson, "Searching for the

Lost Arrow," Ch. 6 in The Biophilia Hypothesis.

Mar. 21

Judith HEERWAGEN, Heerwagen Associates and University of

Washington

Mar. 28

The land aesthetic

Read: John Muir, "A Near View of the High Sierra," Ch IV in The

Mountains of California; Aldo Leopold, "Smoky Gold," "Marshland

Elegy," "Song of the Gavilan," "Guacamaja," "Conservation Esthetic,"

(all in AL); Aldo Leopold, "Country"; Aldo Leopold, "Means and Ends in

Wildlife Management," "Land Pathology," "Wilderness"; J. Baird

Callicott, "The Land Aesthetic" Ch. 11 in Ecological Prospects; J. Baird

Callicott, "Conceptual Foundations of the Land Ethic," Ch 9 in

Companion to A Sand County Almanac; Yuriko Saito, "Appreciating

Nature on its Own Terms" (C&B pp. 141-155); Donald W. Crawford,

"Scenery and the Aesthetics of Nature" (C&B pp. 253-268); T. F. H. Allen

and Thomas W. Hoekstra, "The Landscape Criterion" Ch. 2 in Toward a

Unified Ecology.

Apr. 4

Karsten HARRIES, Yale department of philosophy

Apr. 11

Aesthetics, Ethics, and the Conservation of Nature

Read: E. O. Wilson, "Biophilia and the Conservation Ethic," Ch.1 in The

Biophilia Hypothesis; Stephen Kellert, "Values, Ethics, and Scientific

Page 4

Relations to Nature," Ch. 4 in The Good in Nature and Humanity; Holmes

Rolston, "From Beauty to Duty," Ch 10 in Environment and the Arts: Paul

Shepard, "The Mental Menagerie" and "What Good are Animals," Chs. 2

& 7 in Thinking Animals.



End Callicott course syllabus



Jonathan Maskit, Denison University, "Towards a Post-Industrial Environmental Aesthetics"



Ted Toadvine, University of Oregon, "Can Nature be Framed? A Phenomenological Contribution to Ecological Aesthetics"



L. Duane Willard: On Preserving Nature's Aesthetic Features Environmental Ethics Vol 2, WINTER 1980



Environmental experience: Beyond Aesthetic Subjectivism and objectivism, Veikko Rantalla, Thinkmount working paper serioes on Philosophy of conservation (I have)



Contemporary Aesthetics an online journal of aesthetics: Started in 2003 by Berleant http://www.contempaesthetics.org/index.html



An Exchange on Disinterestedness by Arnold Berleant and Ronald Hepburn in Contemporary Aesthetics http://www.contempaesthetics.org/index.html



The Eye and the Hand: Professional Sensitivity and the Idea of an Aesthetics of Work on the Land by Justin Winkler in Contemporary Aesthetics http://www.contempaesthetics.org/index.html ABSTRACT

Academic aesthetics is guided by the visual and notions of distance. In this article I want to study how aJuly 19, 2005n aesthetics of work, of process and proximity, could function. I am asking why the peasant population has been always been supposed not to have an aesthetic appreciation of their land. I contend that they had some kind of appreciation, but that this was conceived expressed in terms fundamentally different from the academic and pictorial landscape aesthetics. With the term 'professional' sensitivity and examples from the Swiss Alps and Southern France, I discuss the question of how an archaeology of an autochthonous aesthetics can be done.



Machines in the Ocean: The Aesthetics of Wind Farms

by Yuriko Saito in Contemporary Aesthetics http://www.contempaesthetics.org/index.html

ABSTRACT This is an exploration of the aesthetic opposition lodged against wind power facilities. Taking the recent controversy regarding the proposal of a wind farm off the coast of Cape Cod as an example, I analyze the opponents' claim that such a construction "ruins" or "spoils" the otherwise pristine landscape. After suggesting some strategies of making the structure more aesthetically positive purely on the sensuous level, I propose that this specific issue must be discussed in the context of larger issues: civic environmentalism and the aesthetics of sustainability.



Animal Aesthetics by Wolfgang Welsch and Talk To the Animals: A Short Comment on Wolfgang Welsch's "Animal Aesthetics" in Contemporary Aesthetics http://www.contempaesthetics.org/index.html



Berleant, Arnold 1992. Aesthetics and the Environment (Philadelphia: Temple University Press).



Berleant, A. and Carlson, A. (eds) 1998. "Environmental Aesthetics," special issue of Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 56, 2.



Budd, Malcolm 2002. The Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature: Essays on the Aesthetics of Nature (New York : Oxford University Press).



Brady, Emily 2003. Aesthetics of the Natural Environment (Edinburgh, Great Britain: Edinburgh University Press).



Carlson, Allen 2000. Aesthetics and the Environment: The Appreciation of Nature, Art and Architecture (New York: Routledge).



Fisher, John A., 1993. Reflecting on Art (Mountain View, CA: Mayfield Publishing).



Fisher, John A., 1998. "What The Hills Are Alive With--In Defense of the Sounds of Nature," The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 56, 2 (1998): 167-179



Fisher, John A., 1999. "The Value of Natural Sounds," The Journal of Aesthetic Education, 33, 3: 26-42.



Fisher, John A., 2001. "Chapter 18. Aesthetics" in Dale Jamieson, e.d., Companion to Environmental Philosophy (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing).



Hepburn, Ronald 2001. The Reach of the Aesthetic: Collected Essays on Art and Nature, (Aldershot and Burlington: Ashgate Press).



Hettinger, Ned and Throop, Bill 1999. "Refocusing Ecocentrism: De-emphasizing Stability and Defending Wildness," Environmental Ethics 21, 1: 3-21.



Thompson, Janna 1995. "Aesthetics and the Value of Nature," Environmental Ethics 17: 291-305.



From Fisher's book proposal



Brady, E., "Don't Eat the Daisies: Disinterestedness and the Situated Aesthetic," Environmental Values, 7:1, February 1998, 97-114.



Godlovitch, "Things Change: So Whither Sustainability?" Environmental Ethics 20 (fall 1998).



End from Fisher's book proposal



Pauline von Bonsdorff, The Human Habitat. Aesthetic and Axiological Perspectives, 1998.



Pauline von Bonsdorff and Arto Haapala, Aesthetics in the Human Environment, ed., 1999.





Allen Carlson and Arnold Berleant, The Aesthetics of Natural Environments (Broadview Press, 2004) Includes:

Introduction: The Aesthetics of Nature - Allen Carlson and Arnold Berleant

1. Contemporary Aesthetics and the Neglect of Natural Beauty - Ronald Hepburn

2. Appreciation and the Natural Environment - Allen Carlson

3. The Aesthetics of Art and Nature - Arnold Berleant

4. On Being Moved by Nature: Between Religion and Natural History - Noël Carroll

5. Icebreakers: Environmentalism and Natural Aesthetics - Stan Godlovitch

6. Landscape and the Metaphysical Imagination - Ronald Hepburn

7. Appreciating Nature on Its Own Terms - Yuriko Saito

8. Imagination and the Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature - Emily Brady

9. Fact and Fiction in the Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature - Marcia Muelder Eaton

10. The Aesthetic Experience of Forests - Holmes Rolston III

11. The Narrative and the Ambient in Environmental Aesthetics - Cheryl Foster

12. Appreciating Natural Beauty as Natural - Ronald Moore

13. What the Hills are Alive With: In Defense of the Sounds of Nature - John Andrew Fisher

14. Scenery and the Aesthetics of Nature - Donald W. Crawford

15. Aesthetic Appreciation and the Many Stories about Nature - Thomas Heyd

16. Environmental Stories: Speaking and Writing Nature - Yrjö Sepänmaa



Philosophy & Geography Volume 6, Number 1 February 2003

Wetland gloom and wetland glory pp. 33 - 45 J. Baird Callicott



Special Issue on Art of Ethics and Environment, Vol 8,1 Spring 2003, includes articles by Rothenberg, Emily Brady on topiary, edited by Chris Cuomo.



Below in library

Budd, Malcolm, 1941-

The aesthetic appreciation of nature : essays on the aesthetics of nature / Malcolm Budd.

Oxford : Clarendon Press ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2002.

Crandell, Gina.

Nature pictorialized : "the view" in landscape history / Gina Crandell.

Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press, c1993.

Huth, Hans, 1892-

Nature and the American: three centuries of changing attitudes.

Lincoln, University of Nebraska Press [1972, c1957]

Opdyke, George Howard, 1877-



Art and nature appreciation, by George Howard Opdyke ... with a foreword by Everett Victor Meeks ... and an introductory note by Charles Butler.

New York, The Macmillan company, 1932.



Rothenberg, David, 1962-

Sudden music : improvisation, sound, nature / David Rothenberg.

Athens : University of Georgia Press, c2002.



Shepard, Paul, 1925-

Man in the landscape; a historic view of the esthetics of nature.

New York, Knopf; [distributed by Random House] 1967.



Shuler, Martha.

The nature of beauty / text by Martha and Jay Shuler ; photographs by Jay Shuler ; edited by William P. Baldwin, Patty B. Fulcher and V. Elizabeth Turk. McClellanville, S.C. : The Village Museum, 2003. In this compilation of excerpts of texts of recorded conversations with Martha Shuler and excerpts from the photography and writings of Jay Shuler, the Shulers tell of their lives, their adventures, and their love for nature and for each other. "These essays of Jay's ... first appeared in Greenville, South Carolina's newspaper, The Greenville News. His weekly column was called 'On Nature's Trail' and ran from 1969 to 1973."--p. 33.



Skutch, Alexander Frank, 1904-

Origins of nature's beauty / essays by Alexander F. Skutch ; illustrated by Dana Gardner.

Austin, Tex. : University of Texas Press, 1992.



Solnit, Rebecca.

As Eve said to the serpent : on landscape, gender, and art / Rebecca Solnit.

Athens, Ga. : University of Georgia Press, c2001.



Thacker, Christopher. cn

The wildness pleases : the origins of romanticism / by Christopher Thacker.



Tuan, Yi-fu, 1930-

Passing strange and wonderful : aesthetics, nature, and culture / Yi-Fu Tuan.

Washington, D.C. : Shearwater Books, 1993.



Verdi, Richard.

Klee and nature / Richard Verdi.

New York : Rizzoli, 1985.



The Wilderness and the West [videorecording] / written & presented by Robert Hughes ; a Planet 24 production in association with BBC Television ; a Time Inc.-BBC co-production ; produced in association with Thirteen/WNET. [Alexandria, VA] : PBS Home Video, [1997].An eight part series presenting American history through its visual art, painting, sculpture, architecture and monuments. In this third segment as majestic primal America fosters the idea of landscape as God's fingerprint, landscape painting holds deep religious and patriotic connotations. Soon, the belief in Manifest Destiny is embodied in art. Traveling from Yellowstone to the Hudson Valley, Hughes explores the artists Thomas Cole, John Audubon, Albert Bierstadt, John Gast, Currier & Ives, Emanuel Leutze, George Catlin, Frederick Church, Frederic Remington, Thomas Noran and William Jackson. In their work he finds the conflicting impulses to worship the land and to conquer it, to create a myth of the West just as the frontier is closing. ???London : Croom Helm ; New York : St. Martin's Press, 1983.



Willis, Delta.

The sand dollar and the slide rule : drawing blueprints from nature / Delta Willis.

Reading, Mass. : Addison-Wesley, c1995.







Above in library



"Rooted Art?: Environmental Art and Out Attachment to Nature, IQ: Internet Journal of applied Aesthetics, vol1, 1998, http:/www.lpt.fi/io/io98/brady.html



Andrew Light and Jonathan Smith, eds., The Aesthetics of Everyday Life, Seven Bridges Press, 2002.



Aesthetics of Everyday Life

Edited by Andrew Light, New York University

Jonathan M. Smith, Texas A & M University

© 2002 / 336 pages

ISBN 1-889119-60-1 paperback $26.95



The philosophical field of aesthetics is diverse, rich, and very much alive today. But even with the success of various books, journals, and conferences in this area there are still gaps in the

literature. One such gap is that represented by the aesthetic of the "everyday," or, aesthetic

reflection on commonplace objects outside of those normally associated with aesthetic criticism

(such as the plastic and performance arts). This collection of newly commissioned articles offers an alternative cross disciplinary approach to aesthetics which fills this gap. The volume collects

papers that investigate issues ranging from broadly theoretical treatments of the notion of an

everyday aesthetic, to reflections on the aesthetics of everyday built spaces, to specific analyses of different everyday activities, such as sport, eating, and the experience of weather. While the work of philosophers, all of the authors take up their subject matter in an interdisciplinary

context and write in a style that is generally accessible for a broad audience. The volume

contains contributions from both North American and European scholars, including premiere writers on aesthetics from England, Finland and Germany. Students will find the perspective of the volume particularly appealing because it is concerned with commonly encountered objects, accessible to all



Table of Contents

Andrew Light and Jonathan M. Smith: Introduction: Everyday Aesthetics and the Aesthetics of the Everyday

I. Theorizing the Aesthetics of the Everyday

Tom Leddy: The Nature of Everyday Aesthetics

Arnold Berleant: Ideas for a Social Aesthetic

Arto Haapala: On the Aesthetics of the Everyday: Familiarity, Strangeness and the Meaning of Place

Michael A. Principe: Danto and Baruchello: From Art to the Aesthetics of the Everyday

II. Appreciating the Everyday Environment

Pauline von Bonsdorff: Building and the Naturally Unplanned

Allen Carlson: What is the Correct Curriculum for Landscape?

Andrew Light: Wim Wenders's Everyday Aesthetics

III. Finding the Everyday Aesthetic

Wolfgang Welsch: Sport Viewed Aesthetically, and Even as Art

Yuriko Saito: The Aesthetics of Weather

Emily Brady: Sniffing and Savoring: the Aesthetics of Smells and Tastes

Glenn Kuehn: How Can Food Be Art?



J. Nassauer, "The Appearance of Ecological Systems as a Matter of Policy," Landscape Ecology 6,4 (1992): 239-250.



J.R. Stilgoe, Common Landscapes of America 1580-1845, Yale, 1982 and MH Segall, "Visual Art: Some Prospects in Cross-Cultural Psychology," in Beyond Aesthetics, ed. Brotherwell, London, 1976. According to Marcia, these references show "How human perceptions oand assessments of wilderness have changed across the centuries and how they differ geographically and culturally"



Canadian Aesthetics Journal / canadienne d'esthétique Volume 6 Fall/Automne 2001

Online at:http://www.uqtr.uquebec.ca/AE/Vol_6/Carlson (I have)

Includes:



Querying Allen Carlsonīs Aesthetics and the Environment Thomas Heyd

Reflections on Allen Carlson's Aesthetics and the Environment

Ira Newman

Heyd and Newman on the aesthetic appreciation of nature

Allen Carlson



Arnold Berleant, "Environment and the Arts: Perspectives on Environmental Aesthetics, (Aldershot, Hampshire, UK and Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2002) Introduction: Art, environment and the shaping of experience, Arnold Berleant; Data and theory in aesthetics: philosophical understanding and misunderstanding, Ronald W. Hepburn; The two aesthetic cultures: the great analogy of art and the environment, Yrjö Sepänmaa; Art and nature: the interplay of works of art and natural phenomena, Arto Haapala; Nature appreciation and the question of aesthetic relevance, Allen Carlson; Embodied metaphors, Kaia Lehari; Urban richness and the art of building, Pauline von Bonsdorff; Front yards, Kevin Melchionne; Aesthetics, ethics and the natural environment, Emily Brady From beauty to duty: aesthetics of nature and environmental ethics, Holmes Rolston; Embodied music Arnold Berleant; Dot.com Dot.edu: technology and environmental aesthetics in Japan, Barbara Sandrisser Environmental directions for aesthetics and the arts, Yuriko Saito; Index.



Patricia Matthews, Aesthetic Appreciation of Art and Nature, British Journal of Aesthetics 41,4 October 2001



T.J. Diffey, "Arguing about the Environment," British Journal of Aesthetics, 40,1 Jan 2002



Arnold Berleant, Living in the Landscape: Toward an Aesthetics of Environment Kansas, 1997. I have. Essays, including one on Sacred Environments and Education as Aesthetic and Aesthetics and Community. Architecture and Aesthetics of Continuity. and "The Human Touch and the Beauty of Nature"



Arnold Berleant, Aesthetics and the Environment (Temple, 1992. (I have) (Chs. on "Designing outer space" and Environmental criticism" "The aesthetics of art and nature"



Allen Carlson, Aesthetics and Engagement, British Journal of Aesthetics, 33,3 July 1993 on Berleant.



Cheryl Foster, Nature and Artistic Creation, Encyclopedia of Aesthetics, V 3 1998, Oxford p.338



Cheryl Foster, The Narrative and the Ambient in Envrionmental Aesthetics," JAAC 56,2 Spring 1998.



Allen Carlson, Landscape Assessment, p. 102, Encyclopedia of Aesthetics, V 3 1998, Oxford



Martin Seel, Aesthetics of Natre and Ethics, Encyclopedia of Aesthetics, V 3 1998, Oxford\



Yurito Saito, Japanese Aes App of Nature, Encyclopedia of Aesthetics, V 3 1998, Oxford



Allen Carlson, Nature: Contemporary Thought, Encyclopedia of Aesthetics, V 3 1998, Oxford

Cheryl Foster, APA paper "Carlson Iconoclast"



Emily Brady, APA paper, "Between Nature and Art: Aesthetic Appreciation of Cultural Environments"



Joan Nassauer, " Cultural Sustainability: Aligning Aesthetics and Ecology," in Placing Nature: Culture and Landscape ecology, ed. J. Nassauer Island press, 1997.



Marcia Eaton, "The Beauty that Requires Health," in J. Nassauer, ed., Placing Nature: Culture and Landscape Ecology (Island Press, 1997): pp. 86-106.



Don Mannison A Prolegomenon to a Human Chauvinist Aesthetic, in Mannison, McRobbie and Routley eds. Environmental Philosophy Cambera 1980.



R. Rees, "The Scenery Cult: Changing Landscapes Tastes over Three Centuries," Landscape 1975 vol 19

R. Rees,, The Taste for Mountain Scenery, History Today 1975 vol 25; He criticizes the "scenery cult" for "it is an unfortunate lapse which allows us to abuse our local environments and venerate the Alps and the Rockies."

Rees is a geographer



Allen , Admiring the Mirelands: The Difficult Beauty of Wetlands, 1998



Faking Nature Elliott; But Carlson claims that Elliott says we can't app nature aesthetically at all. See Chapter two of Faking Nature, "Env. Obligation, Aesthetic Value and the Basis of Natural Value" including last section ""Aesthetic Value and Intrinsic Value"



Rolston's Environmental Ethics, p. 232 "Valuing Aesthetic Nature,"



Rolston's Conserving Natural Value p. 118-122 on Aesthetic Appreciation of Wildlife, book generally does not list section on aesthetics.



Carlson on Rolston, "We see beauty now where we could not see it before: Rolston's Aesthetics of Nature" in Preston and Ouderkirk ed.



Eugene Hargrove, "Rolston on Beauty" in Preston and Ouderkirk ed.



Eugene Hargrove, Carlson and the Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature, Philosophy and Geography 5, 2 2002.



Allen Carlson, Hagrove, positive aesthetics and indifferent creativity, Philosophy and Geography 5, 2 2002.



Allen Carlson, Appreciating Godlovitch, Journal of Aesthtiecs and Art Criticism 55 1997, 55-7



Glenn Parsons, "Nature Appreciation, Science and Positive Aesthetics British Journal of Aesthetics" British Journal of Aesthetics 42,3, July 2002.



Allen Carlson, "Heyd and Newman on the Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature, AE Canadian Aesthetics Journal 6, 2001



Allen Carlson, Nature Appreciation and the question of aesthetic relevance in Envrionment and the arts, ed. Arnold Berleant Asgate 2002 62-65.



Glen Parsons and Allen Carlson, "Critical Notice of Zemarch, Real Beauty," Canadian Journal of Philosophy 29 1999 635-54.



Nick Zangwill, "Formal Natural Beauty, Proceedings of the Arsitotelian Society 101 2001.



Positive Aes by Carlson rec

E. Hargrove, "An Ontological Argument for Environmental Ethics" Chapter 6, Foundations of Environmental Ethics (Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall, 1989).



J. Thompson, "Aesthetics and the Value of Nature" Environmental Ethics 17 (1995).



Stan. Godlovitch, "Valuing Nature and the Autonomy of Natural Aesthetics" British Journal of Aesthetics 38, 2 (1998): 180-197.



S. Godlovitch, "Evaluating Nature Aesthetically" Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 56 (1998). I have



Stan Godlovitch, Aesthetic protectionism, Journal of Applied Philosophy 6,2 1989 pp. 171-181 I have.



M. Budd, "The Aesthetics of Nature" Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (2000): 137-157. I have



The exchange between Gene and me, which is meant to come out in the next P&G, might be worth looking at. If you want it sooner, I can send you by regular mail the page proofs of both essays. Let me know; it is no bother.



End positve aes by carlson

Allen Carlson, On Aes APP of Japanese Gardens," British Journal of Aes 37 1977, 47-56 (discusses connection aes app and things looking natural and as they should)



Allen Carlson, "Critical notice of Rolston, Philosophy Gone Wild," Environmental Ethics 8 (1986): 163-77.

Allen Carlson, "on the possibility of quantifying Scenic Beauty," Landscape Planning, 1977 4 131-72.



Mark Sagoff, The Aesthetic Status of Forgeries, J of Aesthtetics and Art Criticism 1976 vol 35 169-80.



Environmental Art



Andy Goldsworthy: http://cgee.hamline.edu/see/goldsworthy/see_an_andy.html



Alan Sonfist, ed., Art in the Land: A Critical Anthology of Environmental Art Dutton, 1983.



Donald Crawford, Nature and Art: Some Dialectical Relationships," Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 1983 vol 42, pp. 49-58



Robert Smithson, "Frederick Law Olmstead and the Dialectical Landscape, Artform 1973 vol 11 pp 62-8.





Allen Carlson, "Interactions between Art and Nature: Environmental Art" in P. McCormic ed. The Reasons fo Art: L'Art a ses rasions U of Ottawa Press 1985 pp 222-31.



Allen Carlson, "Is Environmental Art an Aesthetic Affront to Nature?" Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (1986), pp 635-50.



Peter Humphrey, "The Ethics of Earthworks," Environmental Ethics 7(1985):5-21



Donald Crawford, "Nature and Art: Some Dialectical Relationships," Journal

of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 42 (1983)



Stephanie Ross (University of Missouri, St. Louis), "Gardens, Earthworks, and Environmental Art" in Kemal, Salim, and Ivan Gaskell, eds., Landscape, Natural Beauty and the Arts.



Ross, Stephanie, What Gardens Mean. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998. 272 pages. $ 40.00.. Ross is in philosophy at the University of Missouri, St. Louis. (v.9,#4)



End: Environmental Art



Allen Carlson gives overview of some issues in landscape assessment research in "Landscape Assessment" in M. Kelly ed. Encyclopedia of Aesthetics, oxford 1989 vol 3 pp. 192-05





M. Mitas, ed Philosophy and Architecture, Amsterdam, Rodopi 1994, includes Allen Carlson's "Existence, Location and function: the appreciation of architecture,"



Carlson's discussion of the engagement model "Beyond the Aesthetic," JAAC 1994 239-41 and aes and engagement, Britich Jof A 93, 33 220-27.



Yuriko Saito, The Aesthetics of Unscenic Nature in Berleant and Carlson A. Berleant and A. Carlson (eds.) Special Issue: Environmental Aesthetics, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 56 (1998)



Follow up to above Robert Fudge, "Imagination and the Science-based Aesthetic Appreciation of unscenic Nature, Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 59 2001 275-285.



Stan Godlovitch, "Carlson on Appreciation" and reply by Allen Carlson "Appreciating Godlovitch," JAAC 55, 1 Winter 1997



Sally Schauman, "The Garden and the Red Barn: The Pervasive Pastoral and Its Envrionmental Consequences," JAAC 56,2 Spring 1998.



Arnold Berleant, "The Persistent Dogma in Aesthetics" and response by Allen Carlson "Beyond the Aesthetic," in JAAC 2,2 Spring 1994.



Thomas Heyd, "Aesthetic Appreciation and the Many Stories about Nature," British Journal of Aesthetics 41, 2001. Critique of carlson? British Journal of Aesthetics, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp. 125-137: Abstract.



Thomas Heyd, "Rock Art Aesthetics and Cultural Appreciation," JAAC 61,1 Winter 2003



Holmes Rolston, "From Beauty to Duty: Aesthetics of Nature and Environmental Ethics" in Diane Michelfelder and William H.Wilcox, Eds., The Beauty Around Us: Environmental Aesthetics in the Scenic Landscape and Beyond (Albany: SUNY Press, forthcoming).







deShalit (de-Shalit), Avner, "From the Political to the Objective: The Dialectics of Zionism and the Environment," Environmental Politics 4(no. 1, 1995):70- . In the short history of the Zionist movement in Israel there have already been three interpretations of the concept of the environment, of which two are completely political. The attitude of the first Jewish immigrants to Palestine was one of anxiety. Coming from Europe, this new environment was absolutely unfamiliar to them, and they regarded the sandy dunes, the desert and the swamps as a threat. They therefore romanticized it and their relationship to it, as is done by children who are afraid of witches, fire, and so forth. They claimed that the reunion of the Jewish soil with the Jewish soul would emancipate the Jews from their bourgeois character. The second interpretation was "conquering" the new environment, which was a way of making it more familiar and human-friendly. The environment which has been described as "nothingness," "emptiness," "desolation," had to be "made to flourish" and "civilized." Zionism adopted different interpretation of the environment in order to create a new type of Jew, or to prove that Zionism was right. A third possibility, now arising, may be to appreciate the environment more objectively, but it is not yet clear whether the environment can be treated non-politically. de-Shalit teaches politics at the Hebrew University, Jerusalem. (v6,#4)



Lane, Belden, The Solace of Fierce Landscapes: Exploring Desert and Mountain Spirituality. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. 282 pages. Especially the desert wilderness. The ways the wilderness reveals, in part paradoxically by concealing, the love of a God who seems most silent, most absent in the waste places. 1. Connecting spirituality and the environment. Purgation: Emptiness in a Geography of Abandonment. Mythic Landscape: Grace and the Grotesque / Reflection on a Spirituality of Brokenness. 2. Places on the Edge: Wild Terrain and the Spiritual Life. Mythic Landscape: Fierce Back-Country and the Indifference of God. 3. Prayer Without Language in the Mystical Tradition / Knowing God as "Inaccessible Mountain" -- "Marvelous Desert." Mythic Landscape: Stalking the Snow Leopard / A Reflection on Work. 4. Mythic Landscape: Dragons of the Ordinary / The Discomfort of Common Grace. The Sinai Image in the History of Western Monotheism. Mythic Landscape: Encounter at Ghost Ranch. 5. Sinai and Tabor: Mountain Symbolism in the Christian Tradition. Mythic Landscape: Imaginary Mountains, Invisible Lands. Transformation as the Fruit of Indifference. Mythic Landscape: Transformation at Upper Moss Creek. 6. Desert Catechesis: The Landscape and Theology of Early Christian Monasticism. Mythic Landscape: Desert Terror and the Playfulness of God. 7. Attentiveness, Indifference, and Love: The Countercultural Spirituality of the Desert Christians. Mythic Landscape: Scratchings on the Wall of a Desert Cell. Rediscovering Christ in the Desert. Lane teaches theological studies at St. Louis University, St. Louis, Missouri. (v.9,#3)



Tiberghien, Gilles, Land Art. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1995. 311 pages. ISBN 1-56898-040-X. Originally published in French, ƒditions CarrŽ, 1993 under ISBN 2-908393-18-2. A coffee table size and style book detailing earthworks, photographs, sketches, with accompanying text, interpretation, criticism. "In seeking to find new parameters that allow a definition of what art is, the Land Art artists have produced new objects. Their move away from museums and galleries is also a desire to reinvent art, in a certain sense. But moving away from these spaces is also extending them. ... In using earth as a medium and material, they have not attempted to make nature into a new museum, ... Land Art is not primarily an art of landscape. ... The earth, dirt, on the other hand, with its power of provocation (simply from the troubling effect of its presence) ... is what gives Land Art acts their radicalism. ... The deserts, the quarries, the abandoned mines, the distant plains, and the mountainous summits give us the sense of a world where art takes on a new meaning, where museums disappear, and humanity is eclipsed."



For philosophical commentary, see Peter Humphrey, "The Ethics of Earthworks," Environmental Ethics 7(1985):5-21; Allen Carlson, "Is Environmental Art an Aesthetic Affront to Nature?", Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16(1986):635-50. (v7,#4)

Vol. 3, No. 1 of Essays in Philosophy is now published and online. The topic of this issue is Environmental Aesthetics. http://www.humboldt.edu/~essays/.

"Interpreting Environments", by Emily Brady-Haapala

"A Hybrid Theory of Environmentalism", by Steve Matthews

"Nature Restoration Without Dissimulation: Learning from Japanese Gardens and Earthworks", by Thomas Heyd

"Scenic National Landscapes: Common Themes in Japan and the United States", by Yuriko Saito

"Aesthetics and Environmental Argument", by Ken Cussen



Robert Stecker, "The Correct and the Appropriate in the Appreciation of Nature, The British Journal of Aesthetics 37: 1997: 393-403.



On ethics of earthworks, environmental art



"Rooted Art?: Environmental Art and Out Attachment to Nature, IQ: Internet Journal of applied Aesthetics, vol1, 1998, http:/www.lpt.fi/io/io98/brady.html



Peter Humphrey, "The Ethics of Earthworks," Env. Ethics 7 1985: 5-21



Allen Carlson, "Is Env. Art an Aesthetic Affront to Nature?" Canadian Journal of Phil 16 1986 635-50



Alan Sonfist, ed., Art in the Land: A critical anthology of Env. Art (New York: Dutton, 1983) in our library: N6494E27A71983



Elizabeth Baker, "Artworks on the Land," Art in America 64, 1 Jan/Feb 1976: 92-96.



John Fisher, "What The Hills Are Alive With--In Defense of the Sounds of Nature," The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 562 (1998), pp. 167-179. and "The Value of Natural Sounds," The Journal of Aesthetic Education, 333 (1999), pp. 26-42.



Carlson, Aesthetics and the Environment $72/90 Routledge



Salim Kermal and Ivan Gaskell, Landscape, Natural Beauty and the Arts (Cambridge, 1993) (Rolston footnote). I have. Includes, among others, Yi-Fu Tuan, Desert and ice: ambivalent aesthetics, Stephani Ross, Gardens, earthworks, and Environmental art, Arnold Berleant, the aesthetics of art and nature, Donald Crawford, Comparing Natural and artistic beauty.



Env. Art (LRC has).



Earth Ethics 5,3 Spring 1994 is on on Art and the Environment



Alan Tormer, "Aesthetic Rights," Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 32 (1973): 163-170 and David Goldblatt, "Do Works of Art Have Rights?" Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 35 (1976): 69-77. Debate over the moral obligations to works of art that shows problematic nature of notion of interests.



Allen Carlson, "Nature, Aesthetic Appreciation, and Knowledge," Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 653 1995, 393-400.



P. Terrie, "John Muir on Moujnt Ritter: A New Wilderness Aesthetic," The Pacific Historian 31 (1987) 135-44 an introduction to Muir's aesthetic views of nature (a brand of positive aesthetics) see this article.



Hepburn's articles



Ronald Hepburn, The Reach of the Aesthetic: Collected Essays on Art and Nature, Aldershot and Burlington: Ashgate, 2001.



Ronald Hepburn, "Landscape and the Metaphysical Imagination," Environmental Values 5,3 August 1996. 191-204. Aesthetics and env.



Ronald Hepburn, "Trivial and Serious in Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature," in Salim Kemal and Ivan Gaskell eds., Landscape, Natural Beauty and the Arts Cambridge, 1993. (In library)

Ronald Hepburn, "Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature," in Harold Osborne, ed., Aesthetics in the Modern World (1968).



R.W. Hepburn, "Contemporary Aesthetics and the Neglect of Natural Beauty," in B Williams and A Montefiore, eds., British Analytical Philosophy (London: Routledge, 1966).



Holmes Rolston, Does Aesthetic Appreciation of Landscapes Need to be Science-Based?, British Journal of Aesthetics 35,4 October 1995, pp. 374-386.



Holmes Rolston, Aesthetic Experience in Forests Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 56 (1998): 157. I Have.



Chapter on "The Aesthetic Value of Nature," in Susan Armstrong, and Richard Botzler, Environmental Ethics: Divergence and Convergence, McGraw-Hill, Inc. 1993. (In library) oages 104-163.



Gordon Orians and Judith Heerwagen, "Evolved Responses to Landscapes" in a section on "Environmental Aesthetics" in Jerome Barkow, Leda Cosmides and John Tooby, eds., THE ADAPTED MIND EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY AND THE GENERATION OF CULTURE (Oxford Univ. Press, 1992), pp. 555_579. The Adapted Mind paper on evolution of our reaction to landscapes, an evolutionary approach to env. aesthetics; pp 555-580.



John Haldane, "Admiring the High Mountains: The Aesthetics of Environment," Environmental Values 3 (1994): 97-106. I have.



Yuriko Saito, "Is There a Correct Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature?" Journal of Aesthetic Education 18,4 Winter 1984. I have.

Carlson replies to Saito "Saito on the Correct Aes App of Nature" J of Aes Ed 1986, 20 pp 85-93.



Paul Errington, "The Pricelessness of Untampered Nature," Journal of Wildlife Management 27, 1963: 313-320.



L.B. Leopold, "Landscapes Esthetics," Natural History 78 1969: 36-45.



Frank Sibley, "Aesthetic and nonaesthetic," Philosphical Review 74 (1965): 135-39.



Allen Carlson, "Nature and Positive Aesthetics," Environmental Ethics 6 (1984): 5-34.

In the particular course that considered positive aesthetics as its special topic, I introduced that topic using my "Nature and Positive Aesthetics," Environmental Ethics 6 (1984) and for the remainder of the course assigned sets of articles, which either developed the positive aesthetics position or called it into question. This also provided the opportunity for consideration of the overall positions of the authors. The sets were: 1. Two recent attempts to use positive aesthetics in relation to environmental ethics: Gene Hargrove, "An Ontological Argument for Environmental Ethics," Chapter 6, Foundations of Environmental Ethics, (Prentice Hall, 1989) and Jenna Thompson "Aesthetics and the Value of Nature," Environmental Ethics 17 (1995). 2. Stan Godlovitch's "Nature as Mystery" position and his ambivalence about positive aesthetics: Stan Godlovitch, "Icebreakers: Environmentalism and Natural Aesthetics," Journal of Applied Philosophy 11 (1994), "Evaluating Nature Aesthetically," in Berleant and Carlson(op. cit.), and "Valuing Nature and the Autonomy of Natural Aesthetics," British Journal of Aesthetics 38 (1998). 3: Yuriko Saito's concerns about scientific cognitivism in the appreciation of nature and the problem of unscenic nature: Yuriko Saito, "Is There a Correct Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature?," Journal of Aesthetic Education 18 (1984), "Appreciating Nature on its Own Terms," Environmental Ethics 20 (1998); and "The Aesthetics of Unscenic Nature," in Berleant and Carlson (op. cit.). 4. Malcolm Budd on the aesthetic appreciation of nature and his critique of positive aesthetics: Malcolm Budd, "The Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature," British Journal of Aesthetics 36 (1996) and "The Aesthetics of Nature," Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (2000).



A. Berleant (ed.) Environment and the Arts: Perspectives on Environmental Aesthetics (Ashgate, 2002) (Thirteen articles by some main philosophical contributors to the field);



A. Berleant and A. Carlson (eds) Environmental Aesthetics, special issue of Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 56 (1998) (A theme issue with ten original articles covering the aesthetics of both natural and human environments);



A. Light and J. M. Smith (eds) The Aesthetics of Everyday Life (Seven Bridges, 2001) (Twelve articles emphasizing environmental aesthetics as the aesthetics of everyday life);

J. I. Nassauer (ed.) Placing Nature: Culture and Landscape Ecology, Washington, D.C.: (Island, 1997) (Ten original articles by individuals representing a wide range of disciplines and focusing mainly on landscape ecology);



Y. Sepanmaa (ed.) Real World Design: The Foundations and Practice of Environmental Aesthetics (University of Helsinki, 1997). (Twenty two short pieces presented at the Thirteenth International Congress of Aesthetics in 1995 by individuals representing different countries, approaches, and philosophical traditions).



Ronald Hepburn, "Trivial and Serious in Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature," in Salim Kemal and Ivan Gaskell eds., Landscape, Natural Beauty and the Arts Cambridge, 1993.





Holmes, Rolston, III, "Beauty and the Beast: Aesthetic Experience of Wildlife," in Daniel J. Decker and Gary R. Goff, eds., Valuing Wildlife: Economic and Social Perspectives (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1987), pp. 187-196.



May Theilgaard Watts, Reading the Landscape of America (1975, Macmillian) includes "Tundra Hailstorm" and In PUrsuit of Tlerance, Wind, Shade, and Salt in Massachusettes"



J. A. Walter, "You'll Love the Rockies," Landscape 17 (no. 3, 1983):43-47. (I have).



See Rolston's Bib and Syllab.



Terry C. Daniel, "The Legendary Beauthy of the Rockies: Is It Only Skin Deep? Jouranl of Hisotry of the Beahvioral Sciences 24 (1988): 18-23.



Allen Carlson, "On the Possibility of Quantifying Scenic Beauth," Landscape Planning 4 (1977): 131-172.



Neil Evernden, "Beauty and Nothingness: Prairie as Failed Resource," Landscape 27, 3 1983: 1-8.



Beauty of Environment 2nd ed. (Denton, TX Environmental Ethics Books, 1992).

Douglas Buege's Ph.D. dissertation Intrinsic Value, Organic Unity, and Environmental Philosophy: Grounding Our Values at Univ. of Minnesota, Fall 1993. Aesthetic notion of degree of organic unity provides ground for IV.



Allen Carlson, "Appreciating Art and Appreciating Nature," in Salim Kemal and Ivan Gaskell eds., Landscape, Natural Beauty and the Arts Cambridge, 1993, pp. 199-227.



Ronald Hepburn, "Trivial and Serious in Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature," in Salim Kemal and Ivan Gaskell eds., Landscape, Natural Beauty and the Arts Cambridge, 1993.



R.W. Hepburn, "Contemporary Aesthetics and the Neglect of Natural Beauty," in B Williams and A Montefiore, eds., British Analytical Philosophy (London: Routledge, 1966).



Alan McQuillan, "Cabbages and Kings: The Ethics and Aesthetics of New Forestry," Environmental Values 2 (1993): 191-222.





Cheryl Foster, "Aesthetic Disillusionment: Environment, Ethics, Art" Env. Values 1,3 1992. (I have) Need to read



Callicott's, "Leopold's Land Aesthetics" in In Defense of the Land Ethic.



Robert Elliot, "Environmental Degradation, Vandalism and the Aesthetic Object Argument," Australasian Journal of Philosophy 67 (1989). I have.





Rolston's Aes and Env. Course



Nature vs art



Rolston, Holmes, III, "Landscape, Eighteenth Century to the Present," in Michael Kelly, ed.-in-chief, Encyclopedia of Aesthetics (New York: Oxford University Press, forthcoming.



Ronald W. Hepburn, "Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature," in Harold Osborne, ed., Aesthetics in the Modern World (New York: Weybright and Talley, 1968), pp. 49-65.



Ronald Hepburn, "Trivial and Serious in Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature," in Salim Kemal and Ivan Gaskell, eds., Landscape, Natural Beauty and the Arts (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993), pp. 65-80.



Sept. 9. Unit II. Valued Landscapes & the Sublime



David Lowenthal, "Finding Valued Landscapes," Progress in Human Geography (London) 2 (no. 3, 1978):373-417.



Marjorie Hope Nicolson, "Aesthetics of the Infinite," Chapter 7 in Mountain Gloom and Mountain Glory: The Development of the Aesthetics of the Infinite (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1959).

Marjorie Hope Nicolson, Mountain Gloom and Mountain Glory Norton 1963, chronicles the changing tastes toward mountains



Sept. 16. Unit III. Reading Landscapes, the Rockies



May Theilgaard Watts, "Tundra Hailstorm," in Watts, Reading the Landscape of America (New

York: Macmillan, 1975), pp. 250-265.



May Theilgaard Watts, "In Pursuit of Tolerance, Wind, Shade, and Salt in Massachusetts," in Watts, op. cit., pp. 21-37.



J. A. Walter, "You'll Love the Rockies," Landscape 17 (no. 3, 1983):43-47.



J. Baird Callicott, "Leopold's Land Aesthetic" from In Defense of the Land Ethic (Albany: State

University of New York Press, 1989).



Sept. 23. Unit IV. Science, Forests, and Prairies



Rolston, Holmes, III, "Does Aesthetic Appreciation of Landscapes Need to be Science-Based?"

British Journal of Aesthetics 35(1995):374-386.



Rolston, Holmes, III, "Aesthetic Experience in Forests," Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism

56(1998):157-166.



Neil Evernden, "Beauty and Nothingness: Prairie as Failed Resource," Landscape 27(no. 3,

1983):1-8.



Sept. 30. Unit V. Carlson



Carlson, Allen, "Appreciation and the Natural Environment," Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 37(1979):267-275.



Carlson, Allen, "Formal Qualities in the Natural Environment," Journal of Aesthetic Education

13(1979):99-114.



Allen Carlson, "Nature, Aesthetic Judgment, and Objectivity," Journal of Aesthetics and Art

Criticism 40 (no. 1, 1981):15-27.



Carroll, Noel, "On Being Moved by Nature: Between Religion and Natural History," in in Salim

Kemal and Ivan Gaskell, eds., Landscape, Natural Beauty and the Arts (Cambridge: Cambridge

University Press, 1993), pages 244-266.



Carroll, Noel, "Emotion, Appreciation and Nature" (a response to Carlson's article below where he criticises Carroll) in Noel Carroll, Beyond Aesthetics, Cambridge 2001.



Carlson, Allen, "Nature, Aesthetic Appreciation, and Knowledge, Journal of Aesthetics and Art

Criticism 53(1995):393-400



Allen Carlson, "On the Possibility of Quantifying Scenic Beauty," Landscape Planning

4(1977):131-172.



Oct. 21. Unit VII. Sepanmaa



Yrjo Sepanmaa, Chapter II, "In the Core Areas: A. Ontology (The environment as an aesthetic

object--its essential features and relations to other aesthetic objects)." From The Beauty of

Environment, 2nd ed. (Denton, TX: Environmental Ethics Books, 1993), pp. 27-79. First edition

published Helsinki, Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia, 1986).



Oct. 28. Unit VIII. Berleant



Arnold Berleant, Chapter 1, "Environment as a Challenge to Aesthetics," (pp. 1-13) Chapter 2, "The Aesthetic Sense of Environment," (pp. 14-24) Chapter 3, "Descriptive Aesthetics," (pp. 25-39) Chapter 9, "Environmental Criticism," (pp. 126-144) Chapter 10, "Environment as Aesthetic Paradigm," (pp. 145-159)



From The Aesthetics of Environment (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1992).



Nov. 4. Unit IX. Tuan, The Senses



Yi-Fu Tuan, Chapter 3, "Pleasures of the Proximate Senses," (pp. 35-51, 55-62) (aesthetic

experience of taste, touch, smell, kinesthesia) Chapter 4, "Voices, Sounds, and Heavenly Music," (pp. 70-79) (aesthetic experience of sound) Chapter 5, "Visual Delight and Splendor," (pp. 96-118) (aesthetic experience of sight)





From Passing Strange and Wonderful (Washington, DC: Island Press, 1993)



Nov. 10. Unit X. Positive Aesthetics, Wildlife, Agriculture (Dr. Rolston in Scotland)



Allen Carlson, "Nature and Positive Aesthetics," Environmental Ethics 6(1984):5-34.



Holmes, Rolston, III, "Beauty and the Beast: Aesthetic Experience of Wildlife," in Daniel J. Decker and Gary R. Goff, eds., Valuing Wildlife: Economic and Social Perspectives (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1987), pp. 187-196.



Allen Carlson, "Appreciating Agricultural Landscapes," Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 13 (no. 3, 1985): 301-312.



Nov. 18. Unit XI. The Japanese and Nature (Dr. Rolston in Scotland)



Yuriko Saito, "The Japanese Appreciation of Nature," British Journal of Aesthetics 23 (no. 3,

1985):239-251.



Yuriko Saito, "Is There a Correct Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature?," Journal of Aesthetic

Education 18(1984):35-46.



Christophr Ives, "Nature Wild and Stylized: Gary Snyder and the Japanese Love and Destruction of Shizen (Nature)," typescript, Christopher Ives, Department of Religion, University of Puget Sound.



Nov. 25. Thanksgiving break



Dec. 2. Unit XII. Evolution and Aesthetics, Biophilia (Dr. Rolston in Scotland)



Gordon H. Orians and Judith H. Heerwagen, "Evolved Responses to Landscapes," in Jerome H.

Barkow, Leda cosmides and John Tooby, eds., The Adapted Mind: Evolutionary Psychology and

the Generation of Culture (New York: Oxford University Press, 1992), pages 555- 579.



Judith H. Heerwagen and Gordon H. Orians, "Humans, Habitats, and Aesthetics," in Stephen R.

Kellert and Edward O. Wilson, eds., The Biophilia Hypothesis (Washington, DC: Island Press,

1993), pages 138-172.



Roger S. Ulrich, "Biophilia, Biophobia, and Natural Landscapes," in Stephen R. Kellert and Edward O. Wilson, eds., The Biophilia Hypothesis (Washington, DC: Island Press, 1993), 73-137.



Take home final distributed.



Dec. 9. Unit XIII. Rolston



Holmes Rolston, III, "Lake Solitude," in Philosophy Gone Wild (Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1986), pp. 223-232. Originally in Main Currents in Modern Thought 31 (no. 4, 1975):121-126.



Holmes Rolston, III, "Meditation at the Precambrian Contact," in Philosophy Gone Wild, pp.

233-240. Originally published as, "Hewn and Cleft from this Rock," Main Currents in Modern

Thought 27 (no. 3, 1971):79-83.



Holmes Rolston, III, "The Pasqueflower," in Philosophy Gone Wild, pp. 256-261. Originally

published in Natural History 88 (no. 4, 1979):6-16.



The Aesthetics of Nature

Budd M.

Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, 2000, vol. 100, no. 2, pp. 137-157(21)

Blackwell Publishers Ltd, Oxford, UK and Boston, USA

Malcolm Budd, "The Aesthetics of Nature," Proceedings of the Arsitotelian Society 100 2000

John Fisher's Aes and Env. bib

References

Beardsley, M.: "The aesthetic point of view," reprinted in The Aesthetic Point of View: Selected Essays, ed. Michael J. Wreen and Donald M. Callen (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1982), pp. 15-34. [defines aesthetic point of view and aesthetic value]

Budd, M.: "The aesthetic appreciation of nature," British Journal of Aesthetics, 36 (1996), 207-222. [exploration of requirements of aesthetic appreciation of nature]

This is where Carlson suggests that says one must appreciate nature as nature.

Carlson, A.: "Appreciation and the natural environment," The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 37 (1979), pp. 267-75. [refutes traditional approaches to the appreciation of nature]

Carlson, A.: "Nature, aesthetic judgment, and objectivity," The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, 40 (1981), 15-27. [argues that adequate appreciation of nature requires regarding nature under scientific categories]

Carlson, A.: Nature and positive aesthetics. Environmental Ethics, 6 (1984), 5-34. [defense of the position of positive aesthetics]

Elliot, R.: Faking Nature: The Ethics of Environmental Restoration (London: Routledge, 1997) [examination of restoration ecology and the value of naturalness]

Hargrove, E. C.: Foundations of Environmental Ethics (Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1989). [systematic treatment of environmental ethics, with emphasis on importance of natural beauty]

Hutcheson, F.: An Inquiry into the Original of our Ideas of Beauty and Virtue (London, 1725) [early theory of beauty]

Kellert, S., and Wilson, E., eds.: The Biophilia Hypothesis (Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 1993) [collection of articles exploring biophilia]

Reisner, M.: Cadillac Desert: The American West and Its Disappearing Water (Penguin: London, 1986) [history of the exploitation of water in the American West]

Rolston, III, H.: "Does aesthetic appreciation of landscapes need to be science-based?," British Journal of Aesthetics, 35 (1995), 374-386. [an account of appreciation of nature]

Sagoff, M.: "Zuckerman's Dilemma: a plea for environmental ethics," Hastings Center Report, 21 (1991 ), 32-40. [argument that instrumental value of nature cannot justify preservation]

Sibley, F.: "Aesthetic concepts," Philosophical Review, 68 (1959), reprinted in Neill, A. and Ridley, A. eds. The Philosophy of Art: Readings Ancient and Modern (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1995), 312-331. [classic account of the nature of aesthetic terms]

Sober, E. 1986. "Philosophical problems for environmentalism," Reflecting on Nature, ed. L. Gruen and D. Jamieson (Oxford, Oxford University Press, 1994), pp. 345-362. [claims that aesthetic considerations are the only ones that can justify nature preservation]

Thompson, J. 1995. "Aesthetics and the value of nature," Environmental Ethics 17 (1995), 291-305. [defense of an environmental preservationist position]





End Aesthetics and Env

End HETTINGER AESTHETICS BIBLIOGRAPHY